Zoning of the site — 130 photos, diagrams and drawings of examples of separation according to the rules of landscape design
After acquiring a suburban plot, the newly minted owners have to face important issues related to its improvement. They have an opportunity in their hands to provide themselves with the receipts of products grown with their own hands.
But in order for all the land to be used rationally, it is necessary to create zones of the site in which various crops will grow. Not to mention the construction of various useful buildings such as baths, swimming pools, storerooms and other agricultural buildings.
If you approach this issue correctly, you can maximize the use of available land resources. Many then wonder that on a small area of land it is possible to fit and efficiently use so many useful things for life. Now we will touch on the most important thing and explain how to do it without making much effort.
Many consider the process of zoning the site very difficult. And they are right, but just do it, armed with knowledge, and everything is seen in a different light.
To begin with, it is recommended to draw up an engineering and construction project, taking into account everything that you want to see on the site. He will help to realize how everything will look and help to visually organize the connections between the zones of the site, along the way, creating a special style for him.
Usually designers form the entrance, garden, garden, residential and economic part, not forgetting about the recreation department. To make everything work out in the best possible way, it is worth highlighting important aspects of such work:
- Awareness of the climatic zone on which the suburban area is formed and all the nuances concerning its use on its basis:
- Take into account the features of the terrain on which the project is being formed. What is this hill? — Or maybe the lowlands? — Steppe, forest, and is there access to water here? Answering these questions makes it easier to plan important moments of work;
- What is the shape of the land cut, its length, what can fit here at all? And how is it best to use it;
- What buildings are already available on the site. Maybe they can be used or it is more profitable to demolish and build the necessary ones for your case.
It is desirable to have an idea of the type of soil on the site. If its density is insignificant, it can become a serious obstacle to the construction of various gazebos and similar structures.
But the earth can be strengthened by adding specially brought soil to the necessary places. This means that any problems can be solved with a reasonable approach to them.
And now you can see photos of the zoning of the site based on works from famous designers. They will help to cope with difficult moments and achieve the desired result, taking into account initially unfavorable conditions.
It is important to realize that the available land zoning options depend on this aspect. The existing conditions will help to use something and close access to some design elements.
Designers explain that there are such zones for designing:
The north-western variant is characterized by a strong presence of wind with heavy winters and too warm summers. In this regard, it will be necessary to provide high-quality items for snow removal, high hedges and gazebos based on a closed view.
The Western type is distinguished by moderate warmth, but heavy precipitation in the form of rain and snow. It is advantageous to use open versions of verandas and fences with a small height. Most often, designers rely on the European style for such climatic conditions.
The southeastern version is characterized by summer with frequent droughts and devastating frosts in winter. Significant fences and closed attics will be required, verandas can also be used. It is necessary to take care of access to water on the basis of any part of the site.
The southern version will offer many windy days and a short winter, but a long and very hot summer. It will be necessary to protect the site from the effects of strong gusts of wind and direct rays of our star.
What are the principles of planning?
High-quality zoning of a suburban area should take into account everything that we have touched on above and other important points. Now we will touch on them in more detail:
Rationality should be taken into account in any case. It can be noticed if everything is clearly defined and it is clear for what purposes this or that part of the earth is used. Usually 70% is allocated for the vegetable garden and garden, 20% for household buildings and decorative elements that are part of the design basis of the plot, 10% for the construction of residential buildings for permanent accommodation of owners.
Ergonomics will help to maintain the correct distance between buildings. When creating the correct functional zoning of the site, it is necessary to take into account that this aspect is of paramount importance for the entire project. It is desirable to reduce the distance between the various buildings as much as possible — this will help protect the yard from the regular penetration of strong wind.
But the garden and garden area should be placed about 3-6 meters from the residential area. This will help to protect them from the joint detrimental effect on the viability of both zones.
Important: Trees can be planted at a distance of 3 meters from the residential area, raspberries in the 1st, and gooseberries in 1.5 or further. The root system of trees and other useful plants increases markedly over the years and can seriously damage the house.
And, as for the rules of planting plants?
There are also nuances here. We will have to take into account the cardinal directions and then the layout of the site, taking into account their use, will be properly designed.
Let's explain, if the plot is located on the territory of the middle lane, then it is recommended to plant low plants in the form of shrubs, ornamental trees, vegetables, flower beds or berries in the immediate vicinity of various buildings. And tall trees should be placed in the depth of the plot.
And, if we are talking about the hot climate of the southern territories, then everything should be done on a turnaround. The tall ones are closer to the house, and the low ones are farther away from it. This will help to protect oneself qualitatively from the main destructive factors of various climatic zones. Conditions will be created for humidity and protection from the effects of merciless heat.
The climate is characterized by cool weather with the presence of regular precipitation suggests the creation of a garden at a distance from the house, and a vegetable garden and various flower beds right in his yard near a residential building.
This approach will provide protection for the building from increased exposure to dampness and will help the natural warming of the necessary area.
Let's consider some options for creating the correct zones of the site
This is an equally important point that allows you to create everything correctly. Examples of zoning will help to tell about it. We will highlight among them several important options that are used more often than other versions of land improvement:
Taking into account the presence of the windy side. This aspect will have to be noted at the time of creation of buildings. It is advisable to place them so that they protect the vegetable garden and the garden from the effects of strong wind. This will help to preserve the harvest.
Specialists often plant shrubs, gooseberries, raspberries along various fences to form a natural barrier to the wind.
Sanitary aspects. Various septic tanks, cesspools or toilets must be built at a distance of 12 meters or more from residential buildings, and at least 7 from animal habitats such as cows, pigs, bulls, chickens and others. You can not pull out the well next to the septic tank — this can lead to serious consequences.
We have considered many ways to perform zoning for the benefit of all residents of a particular territory. They will help to create high-quality zoning taking into account important points.
But it is recommended to contact specialists to create the right zoning, so as not to worry about important points. It is not always possible for a person to remember everything and do the zoning design correctly. Sometimes mistakes can have undesirable consequences.
Photo of the zoning of the site