Wood protection — 100 photos of the use of means protecting against moisture, fire, rot and insects
Undoubtedly, wood is considered to be the most environmentally friendly of the existing materials. However, its organic origin makes it vulnerable to defects such as deformation, rotting, the appearance of mold and other microorganisms. Using wood protection products, you can avoid such troubles.
The condition of wood is influenced by many external factors. When infected with a fungus, the process of rotting and destruction of the very structure of the material begins.
The house mushroom, under favorable conditions, can even hit protected wood. The infected material becomes softer and looser, forms cracks, changes its color, then the process of rotting begins.
Conditions conducive to the development of fungus:
- high humidity, precipitation;
- alternating freezing with thawing;
- strong wind;
- contact with the ground;
- direct sunlight.
The use of the necessary protection against rot helps to improve its performance and extend its service life up to 35 years. External operating conditions significantly affect the change in this period.
To protect against moisture, rotting, various impregnations are used, produced using appropriate chemicals. Depending on their composition, they have different properties. When choosing, it is important to determine exactly which impregnations are suitable in each case.
How to process
In addition to efficiency, a very important criterion that should be taken into account when processing is safety. Many types of impregnations are very dangerous for the human body. First of all, this applies to compositions containing zinc and tin salts. How to protect the wood and how to choose the best method of processing?
Water-repellent impregnations protect the material from the harmful effects of atmospheric precipitation. It is best to use this type of antiseptic to protect the house, bathhouse, gazebo and other wooden structures. It is used both as an independent tool and in combination with primers applied to the material before staining.
Deep penetration of the antiseptic into the wood will provide excellent protection with such impregnation. In addition, it will refine the appearance – by painting the tree, it will perform a decorative function.
Among the existing means, water-repellent impregnations are considered the most effective. Cons – long enough absorption and high cost.
Oil antiseptic is usually used in outdoor work, it creates a dense film on the surface of the wood, which provides protection against the appearance of fungus. Such a coating is used only on dry material, processing of raw surfaces is unacceptable.
The resulting film does not dissolve when exposed to water, reliably protects from moisture and rotting. The toxicity of such a composition is considered moderate, the antiseptic can be used in a residential area.
The water-soluble impregnation has no pungent smell, it is not harmful. In addition, it dries quickly after work.
However, such compositions are completely unsuitable for use in rooms with high humidity conditions – such as baths or saunas. They can be used to process wooden furniture, they are also used for door and window frames.
Funds on a volatile basis
Volatile-based products are obtained by adding a solvent to the paint or varnish. They are not able to penetrate into the tree to a great depth, but form a high-strength film on its surface.
Usually used for external work, it is permissible to use it inside. As you can see from the photo, such protection of wood allows it to acquire a beautiful appearance.
A small disadvantage is that such an antiseptic dries for a long time.
What to pay attention to when choosing
When purchasing ready-made formulations in stores, carefully and in detail study the information on the packaging. There should be all the data about the composition and safety. Using antiseptics from various companies, do not be lazy to make sure that they are compatible in work.
Of course, it is best to choose products from one manufacturer. It is necessary to pay close attention to:
- data on the toxicity of the composition;
- its reliability in operation;
- the smell is too pungent;
- safety for your health;
- the need to use additional funds for its application.
The remedy should be chosen taking into account the climatic conditions in which the house or other structure to be treated is located. For humid regions, it is best to use products that protect the tree for at least ten years from sudden temperature fluctuations and precipitation.
For buildings erected directly on the ground, it is optimal to use a multifunctional compound. Such means will provide protection not only from the appearance of mold, but also help to prevent objects from catching fire. Outside, the processing is carried out by indelible means.
Their cost is high, but it is justified by a long service life – up to 35 years. For a bath, sauna or cellar, it is absolutely necessary to use water-repellent impregnations.
Buildings and structures made of wood need reliable protection from UV rays. From constant exposure to sunlight, they begin to collapse, turn black and lose their beauty. If protective means are not immediately applied to the surface of the material, its destruction will subsequently be impossible to stop.
For this purpose, special compounds are used that prevent the penetration of ultraviolet light deep into the tree, absorbing harmful radiation. As a rule, on the packaging of such products there is a note about the absorption of UV radiation.
The surface that has been treated in this way will be able to last up to 10 years, after which re-application will be required. Transparent products require more frequent updates than colored ones: once every 2-3 years. The coniferous tree is pre-primed with compounds that prevent the appearance of blue.
Among the most popular manufacturers, whose assortment is presented on the market, there are several leading ones.
Senezh is a domestic company. It is characterized by affordable prices and the absence of toxicity of products. Impregnation volumes of 2.5 and 5 liters are available for sale.
Belinka – impregnations contain biocides in the compositions that prevent the destruction of wood.
Aquatex means do not change the natural color of the material, it will be used for processing a variety of surfaces.
Biosept-ultra – is used for internal and external coating. It is used to stop the activity of fungi and prevent the destruction of wood.
Neomide is able to protect not only from moisture penetration, but also from most parasites.
How to make impregnation with your own hands
The protective composition can be prepared if desired and independently. You can get an antiseptic from quite affordable ingredients.
- dissolve 10 g of copper sulfate in 1 liter of water, the mixture is applied to a well-dried material;
- silicate glue is applied with a simple brush, after drying, a dense layer of white shade is formed on the treated surface;
- hot resin – can be used on various constructions, except for colored ones, since it has the property of painting the surface in a dark color. Before application, the resin is brought to the boiling point, then dry wood is processed.
Photo tips for protecting wood