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Winter greenhouse — 120 photos of the best projects for building with your own hands

In the modern period of abundance on the shelves of vegetables, herbs and fruits, greenhouses do not lose their relevance. No store purchases will replace fresh, hand-grown products. Therefore, it will not hurt anyone to have this useful structure in their household.

Such a structure as a greenhouse or greenhouse can be divided into two main subspecies. Some of them are placed for the winter, others need to be cleaned in the autumn period. Subspecies differ in design, functionality, complexity of construction and purpose. To choose the option that suits you, carefully study the photo of the winter greenhouse.

The winter subspecies of greenhouses will allow you to enjoy fresh products throughout all four seasons of the year or receive income from its sale. Diverse shapes and sizes allow you to choose the most optimal solution. The construction of a greenhouse with your own hands will allow you not to doubt the quality of materials and work in general.

For the construction of winter greenhouses, in comparison with summer, a greater strength and reliability are needed. Especially important is such a part of the greenhouse as the foundation, as well as the heating system. Important elements that should be given special attention:

  • light;
  • temperature;
  • airing;
  • water.

The dimensions of the structure are chosen based on the number of plants that are planned to be planted. The materials must be sufficiently strong and reliable, resistant to low temperatures and precipitation. The configuration should allow the construction to be equipped with insulation.

Greenhouse modifications

Types of winter greenhouses can be distinguished depending on the material, cost, size, design, and so on. So, the materials presented on the modern construction market allow you to make different modifications that differ in strength, lightness and price. Or, for example, the type of plants planted determines the construction of the structure.

According to the shape of the structure , it is possible to distinguish:

  • lean-tos, as a rule, make an embankment out of the ground;
  • gable types of greenhouses, consist of capital walls and a roof made of glass;
  • polycarbonate in the form of arches.

How to choose the right type

To begin with, it is worth calculating the area that the greenhouse (or greenhouses) will occupy. This will determine its size as a whole.

To determine the occupied area, the functional purpose of the structure should be taken into account. The choice of plants will play a role here – the nuances of effective cultivation, the necessary free space, lighting, watering, etc. Also, in addition to plants in greenhouses, you can plant mycelium, and this already requires completely different conditions.

It is important to determine the location of the greenhouse correctly, since the height above ground level affects the establishment of the microclimate.

So, deepening into the ground will create an analogy to a thermos, elevation above the ground, respectively, will provide the opposite effect. You can also place the structure inside a building, for example, in a garage.

A wide choice is also represented by architectural solutions that can become the embodiment of the most creative ideas and ideas.

You can make the necessary structure yourself or with the help of specialists. Also, some stores offer ready-made versions of buildings for sale.

Protection from low temperatures will be provided by the material

When developing a drawing of a greenhouse, it is necessary to take into account the raw materials that will be used as a material for the cladding. The specifics of such buildings for the winter period require special reliability from materials, as well as tightness. For these purposes, it is more optimal to choose wood or metal as a material.

These two options are quite optimal, they will ensure the durability and strength of the greenhouse structure. It is difficult to choose any of them, since both have their own disadvantages and advantages.

Thus, the metal structure is characterized by high strength and reliability. However, the negative point will be the complexity of processing and construction of the structure. Wooden material in this regard is much simpler and more convenient.

Also, the tree is not affected by the sun's rays, that is, the wooden greenhouse will not warm up. The wooden structure creates a better microclimate, but requires careful treatment with antiseptic or its analogues.

The material for the racks must also be durable. It is worth making more and their thickness. This is an important aspect, since it is the racks that ensure the stability of the structure in heavy precipitation.

The frame can also be sheathed with different materials: film, glass, polycarbonate.

It is better not to use the first option for the greenhouse completely, since the film is not very reliable. It is better to wrap it in several layers to increase the strength and create a more positive effect.

It is also not recommended to use glass in the construction of a greenhouse because of the fragility of the material. Also, the glass coating will weigh a lot and it will be extremely inconvenient to work with it.

The third option is the most optimal. Polycarbonate greenhouses are optimal. The use of cellular polycarbonate does not require much effort, it transmits light well and weighs a little.

Where is it better to place

It is important to arrange the winter greenhouse correctly. At the same time, 3 aspects will be of primary importance.

First of all. Lighting – in winter, the amount of sunlight should be maximum. This can be ensured by placing the building in length in the direction of sunrise.

Secondly. It is necessary to take into account the strength and frequency of wind gusts. If a strong wind blows often, additional protection will be required (for example, a hedge). Otherwise, you will have to spend more on maintaining the desired temperature regime.

Third. The location should be chosen with the greatest convenience. It is better to arrange the building so that it is possible to easily and simply get to the entrance to it.

Temperature mode

The main component of such buildings for the winter period is represented by a heating system. It is quite difficult and difficult to conduct it. This may require the knowledge and skills of professionals.

It is important to make the optimal choice of the type of heating system. This will determine the temperature regime of the building and ensure the efficiency of using a greenhouse with heating.

In order to heat the buildings in winter , you can use:

The light of the sun is the cheapest. However, it is too problematic in the winter season, because weak radiation alone will not be able to maintain the desired temperature. Therefore, an additional heater will be required.

A bioheater that emits heat due to the decomposition of biological substances. Manure is usually used as such a substance. The method is not efficient enough and requires a combination with an alternative heat source.

Electric heater. The most popular and accessible. It is usually presented in the form of convectors, heaters, infrared emitters, cables, pumps and so on.

The supply of warm air requires the installation of a special unit at the beginning of work on the construction.

Gas heater – warms the air by burning, requires good ventilation.

Stove – can be heated with gas, coal or firewood. Will allow you to heat the entire area. However, it can heat the walls. That is, when choosing this option, it is not necessary to plant plants close to the walls.

The list is not exhaustive, there are other heating options.

Construction sequence

There is no universal sequence of greenhouse construction, since in each case it is determined by many factors. Usually, the foundation for the winter greenhouse is first erected (if necessary), the frame, then sheathed.

The most important stage is the cladding. Before it, you need to make accurate measurements. Also, do not forget about the heating system and ventilation.

Photo of a winter greenhouse