Well pump: overview of the best stationary and portable structures (65 photos)
Ensuring uninterrupted water supply to a private house is an extremely important task, powerful and high–quality pumping equipment can cope with it. Now trips with buckets to the well are minimized, as modern manufacturers offer for sale various types of pumps, among which there are many options available at a cost to the bulk of homeowners.
The pump for the cottage can meet the minimum requirements, as it involves using it only in the warm season, while, usually, at minimum power.
The selection of equipment for supplying water to a private house where a family lives all year round, the requirements will be slightly higher. Let's try to figure out how to choose the right autonomous water supply source below.
Depending on whether the equipment is installed on the surface of the earth or is lowered into the water, surface and submerged models can be distinguished. The first option is preferable for use at a positive air temperature or in special rooms built for a pumping station.
In this case, a rigid and flat platform is constructed near the well, the installation is located directly on it, and the hose of the equipment is lowered down. If you still want to use a surface pump in winter, be sure to insulate it using any material that serves for these purposes.
However, in most cases, the owners of houses and cottages, advise beginners to install submersible pumps, considering them the best option. The advantages of this type of equipment are, however, many:
- they provide the necessary water suction depth without additional equipment, unlike surface models with a water intake depth of 7 – 8 meters;
- the depth pump is characterized by a reduced noise level;
- the submersible drainage pump perfectly pumps water even with fine suspensions, unlike surface pumps;
- there is a low probability of overheating of the drive equipment, due to being in cool water;
- they easily track the liquid level in the well thanks to float automation, almost all models are equipped with it;
- easy dismantling of pumping equipment at a time when its use ceases, while surface
- the station is much more difficult to dismantle;
- the inability to get air into the intake pipe, unlike surface options, which even with the slightest leakiness of the connection begin to suck air.
However, it is worth mentioning the disadvantages of submersible pumps with automation, they necessarily provide for the presence of a power supply line to the well, when they are installed, it is a little more difficult to coordinate the general automation that will control the entire water supply system.
Carefully weigh all the pros and cons, view photos of pumps for surface and submersible wells, decide which of the options is best suited for your water supply system, taking into account the individual characteristics of the site and the house.
We determine the technical parameters
The installation of a pump for a well involves a complete preliminary study of the basic requirements and characteristics that the pumping equipment must meet, depending on the purposes of its use.
Before buying an autonomous water supply source, it is necessary to understand the following important points:
- decide on the main area of application of the equipment, decide whether it will be used for full water supply
- at home or only for watering gardening possessions or other household purposes;
- based on the purpose of use, calculate its required capacity to meet the quantitative need for water, creating optimal pressure;
- estimate the distance of the well from the water supply buildings or water intake points.
It is necessary to know the depth of the well and the size of the water layer. It is ideal to have an accurate idea of the debit of the well, that is, the volume of liquid entering it per unit of time. It would be useful to have information about the degree of contamination of water in the well, its quality, the state of the soil at the bottom.
When choosing a pump model directly, the main attention should be paid to its electrical parameters, the amount of pressure created by it, performance, etc.
The values of various electrical indicators indicated in the description of each pump model will tell you which power supply line needs to be carried out so that it can withstand the load without problems when the equipment is operating.
You may have to withdraw a separate machine. In addition, many models are very sensitive to voltage surges in the power grid, so it may be necessary to install a stabilizer to ensure the smooth operation of the pumps.
With regard to the value of the pressure created by the pump, it should ensure trouble-free lifting of the liquid and its transportation to all planned points of consumption.
At the outlet of the tap, that is, at the end point of consumption, the pressure should provide a jet of water that ensures comfortable use of it, this figure can vary from one and a half to two atmospheres.
The performance of the device is an equally important indicator. It characterizes the maximum possible amount of water to be pumped per unit of time. This indicator is selected taking into account the fact that the equipment copes with the water supply in the peak situation, when all points of the water supply system will be involved at the same time.
The size of the pumping equipment will be a significant criterion when choosing. For a submersible pump, its length is also important, it must be placed in the well correctly, completely go under water, while remaining from the bottom at the distance recommended by the manufacturer.
Pay attention to the materials from which the housing of well pumps is made, they must be of high quality, resistant to corrosion, not affecting the quality of drinking water.
Having asked the question: "Which pump is better suited for a well?" do not spare time and effort, calculate what necessary characteristics the future pumping equipment should have.
Analyze the design features of the site, study the composition and quality of water in the well, the depth of the water layer, draw up a diagram of the planned water supply system, in order to clearly understand the pump with what technical performance indicators is ideal for ensuring uninterrupted water supply in your home.
Photo of a pump for a well