Insulate a private house from the outside (95 photos): selection of materials, step-by-step instructions on how to insulate with your own hands
Comfort in the house is created due to many factors. One of the most important is strict compliance with the rules of installation technology during the construction of the house. On large construction sites, these rules are strictly monitored by the technical supervision of the customer, various verification commissions. Special attention is paid to the insulation of wall structures.
Those working in the construction industry know that in order to choose the material for this work, it is necessary to carry out a thermal calculation, where the main components take into account the densities and thicknesses of all materials included in the pie of the wall.
In addition, the climatic conditions of the construction area, the highest plus and minus outdoor temperatures, wind directions (wind rose), the optimal internal temperature of the house and several other necessary data for calculating the thickness of the insulation are taken into account.
Several types of insulation are used in the construction of urban residential and administrative buildings. As a rule, penoplex is used on the lower level in the locations of basements. Above, starting from the first floor and up to the top, the minplit is attached.
In the conditions of suburban construction, there is no strict control by state bodies. However, the owners of private houses are no less interested in creating favorable conditions for their living than city residents. And the issue of insulation is treated very carefully.
Often they themselves have to choose the best way to insulate the house from the outside, which type of insulation is better to use. The main emphasis is on the quality of the insulation, its cost, the speed of installation and the use of additional materials for fastening.
In this regard, questions often arise. Which is better: penoplex or minplita? How much they differ from each other in their characteristics and price. Is it worth using one type of insulation or is it reasonable to use two types? And an equally important question is whether it is possible to insulate the house from the outside with your own hands if you have already spent a lot on the main construction by inviting a professional team.
In order to avoid problems in the future operation of housing, it is necessary to first familiarize yourself with the technical characteristics of insulation materials and their relationship with the main structures. Only after receiving full information about the properties of various insulation materials, you can safely decide which type of appropriate material can be used to insulate the house.
Currently, a min plate, foam plastic and foam plastic are used for external insulation. When analyzing the comparative characteristics of these materials, the main attention is paid to such properties as:
- thermal conductivity;
- vapor permeability;
- water absorption;
- combustibility and so on.
It is necessary that all of the above properties comply with the required standards. This, in turn, will contribute to ensuring the safety of the house, the formation of its internal climate and a long service life.
In this matter, the type of the main material of the house structures is important. As you know, it is customary to build housing in a suburban area using wood material, block or brick. The technology of insulation of houses directly depends on the main types of materials that were used during the installation of the structure of the structure.
For example, for a wooden house, the best option for insulation is of course a min stove. Foam insulation of wooden walls is unprofitable for many reasons. First of all, due to the fact that wood is a breathable material and in the case of the use of foam, all the important useful properties of the insulation will simply come to naught.
Minplita, in turn, is suitable not only for covering external walls, but also internal partitions, floors and ceilings. Since, together with its heat-conducting qualities, it is an excellent noise-absorbing material.
Styrofoam, in contrast to the mines of the plate, is in excellent contact with wet ground. Therefore, it is more often used as insulation of foundations and various engineering networks passing underground. Due to its internal properties, foam is able to protect structures for many decades.
In addition to styrofoam, many people come up with the idea of using styrofoam. Conducting a comparative analysis of the properties of materials and finding out their data on thermal conductivity, strength, water absorption, and so on, most come to the conclusion that the foam is somewhat better. The main disadvantage is the cost.
Insulation with foam will cost one and a half times more expensive than using foam. It is for this reason that it is often rejected, preferring to deal with cheaper insulation. Such reasoning, when the price becomes the dominant component in the choice, can lead to negative consequences.
It is always better to think well in advance, which is better, to carry out insulation cheaper, but worse, or to overpay, but get a high-quality insulation, protective coating in the end?
However, styrofoam has its advantages over penoplex. The latter, for example, due to insufficient adhesion is not suitable for mounting on walls above the level of the base. Here, preference is already given entirely to foam or mineral wool, which is even more acceptable, since, unlike minplita, penoplex and foam are combustible.
Recently, there have been trends in Russia aimed at rejecting the use of foam in the construction of houses. It should also be noted that many European countries have already banned the use of such materials due to their toxicity at the time of gorenje.
Independent insulation of the house
When the issue with the material is finally resolved, it is necessary to determine the order of its attachment to the surface. If we are talking about walls and the minplit is chosen as a heater, since the house is made of wood, it is necessary to provide for the installation of the frame.
This is all the more important when the house is being prepared to be used in winter and the thickness of the plate should contribute to the creation of a favorable indoor climate.
The frame (preferably metal) fixes the minplate in the installed position. If there are doubts about the correctness of the work, construction sites on the Internet will provide detailed information on the topic: how to insulate a house from the outside with a mineral wool with a detailed description of the stages of work, calculation of the volume of materials and the order of placement of frame racks and transverse slats.
For greater convenience, on most construction sites related to this topic, there is a photo instruction on how to insulate the house from the outside. Visual demonstration of works is always better perceived by users. Realizing this, owners of construction sites often use color photos, as well as video materials.
Online calculators create even greater attractiveness. For those who have decided to independently carry out the insulation of their homes and value their funds, such assistance will come in handy. As a rule, such calculators provide norms for calculating specific materials, taking into account their parameters.
Photo tips on how to insulate the house from the outside