Veranda attached to the house — 100 photos of the best projects and unusual design of the veranda
A great additional place to relax with the whole family or receive guests is a veranda attached to the house. But it often happens that the initial house construction project does not provide such a wonderful recreation area. It does not matter, you can attach this room after the completion of the main construction.
As you can see in the photo of the verandas attached to the house, the variety of design solutions is simply amazing in abundance. After reviewing the proposed ideas, you can choose a project you like, or you can create a unique one by borrowing one or more ideas.
To prevent unpleasant surprises both during construction and during operation, you need to familiarize yourself with the main stages of construction.
The preparatory stage mainly includes analysis and planning. First of all, it is necessary to pay attention to the following:
- The foundation of the main structure;
- Structural design of walls and roof;
- The condition of the soil at the proposed construction site;
- The most frequent direction and strength of the wind;
- The height of the snow cover.
Place of construction and types of verandah
Many interesting design projects are based on modern outdoor verandas for cottages or houses. This solution is suitable mainly for warm regions. The main disadvantage of this choice is the need for frequent cleaning, as wind gusts carry dust and leaves from trees into the open room, and precipitation can render furniture and decorative items unusable.
Therefore, closed verandas are the most common in our region.
The veranda attached to the house should be harmoniously combined in style with the main structure, it is also recommended to build from the same or similar materials.
Most often, the veranda is located on the side of the main entrance. The dimensions of the extension are determined based on the size of the main structure. At the design stage of the veranda, it is worth paying attention to the location and design of the stairs.
Stationary heating, as a rule, is not provided, since it is impractical to insulate the veranda, it is enough to protect it from wind and precipitation with structural elements.
Laying the foundation
After you have decided what to make a veranda out of and where, you can start building. The method of laying the foundation directly depends on the choice of the type of veranda. After all, the foundation is the foundation of the structure.
For a brick veranda, a ribbon type of base is suitable. To lay this type of foundation, you will need:
- Dig a ditch about half a meter deep and about 30 cm wide;
- The bookmark must be reinforced. With a small weight of the veranda, the reinforcement rods are easy enough to install in the ground, and if the weight of the structure is quite heavy, a rigid bundle of reinforcement is needed among themselves;
- Next, a formwork made of boards or plywood is installed, which rises 15-20 cm above ground level;
- A mixture of crushed stone and sand is poured onto the bottom of the trench, after tamping it is poured with concrete;
- Concrete should not be too thick, a liquid solution is also unacceptable.
A wooden veranda is much lighter than a brick one, so a columnar type foundation can be successfully applied. This method consists in installing brick pillars at the corners of the structure if the area of the future veranda is relatively small. With a large, but not heavy construction, additional brick pillars are needed around the perimeter.
Progress of work:
- A pit with a depth of 1 m is required for each pillar;
- The bottom is filled with a mixture of crushed stone or gravel mixed with sand;
- After tamping, this mixture is poured with concrete for 15-20 cm;
- After solidification of the concrete base, brick pillars are laid out up to the foundation of the main building;
- The cavities of brick pillars are filled with crushed stone and sand.
Skeleton. There are several ways to attach the frame of the veranda to the house. Such most common materials as brick, wood, foam concrete blocks are used for construction.
Roof. The most common roof option for a terrace is a single-pitched type of structure. It is recommended to use the same material from which the roof of the main structure is made.
The most used materials for the construction of the roof of the veranda can be distinguished: roofing material, metal tiles and classical tiles.
The main steps of the roof equipment in this way:
- Boards are attached to the rafters closely;
- The roofing material is overlapped and fixed with galvanized steel nails;
- Additional fixation of the canvas is carried out by rails with a certain mounting step;
- The lower edge of the coating is bent and fixed.
An interesting material used in the construction of the roof of the veranda is transparent polycarbonate. This is a modern building material that is durable. In addition, the buildings, including the roofs, look quite stylish.
Interior decoration primarily depends on whether the terrace is open or closed. The open-type veranda is subject to negative environmental factors: wind, rain, frost. In this regard, the finishing material must be resistant to temperature differences and moisture resistant.
Materials are diverse, for example, wooden lining, panels made of MDF or PVC, as well as siding. All the listed materials are quite diverse in color palette and texture, which pushes the creative boundaries of interior design projects. The photo of the veranda inside shows trends towards natural finishing materials and textures.
Floor covering. As a rule, the material for finishing the floor on the terrace remains classic – a wooden board. The boards are laid directly on the logs on top of the thermal insulation. Upon completion of the installation, the boards are covered with a paint coating.
Variety of types of terraces
Options for the construction of verandas are quite diverse. It all depends on the construction site, the chosen material, the preferred style and financial possibilities.
The modern version of the veranda is made of ready–made double-glazed windows. The design looks light and weightless, and the use of advanced technologies, namely sliding window systems, allows you to transform an enclosed veranda into an open summer terrace.
The wooden veranda is a classic Russian style. Construction is carried out from logs. The thickness of the bars used should be at least 12 cm. The work is carried out according to the following plan:
- Lower binding, preferably double. The logs are connected using a direct lock;
- At the height of the second beam, vertical racks with logs are fixed with nails or staples.
- The main racks are located at the corners of the structure. Intermediate racks can also be installed, if necessary.
- You should also pay special attention to the binding of the frame of the veranda with the main structure. In the future, this will facilitate the interior decoration.
Do not forget about protecting the wooden structure from moisture, as natural wood is susceptible to rotting. Roofing material may well act as waterproofing of the lower logs from ground moisture.
During construction, for sound insulation between logs, it is necessary to lay pads made of felt or rubber. To protect against the pest, the building is treated with an antiseptic, such treatment will also reduce the fire hazard of natural wood.
The brick veranda is the most practical and durable. But when building such a thorough type of terrace, you should pay attention to some points:
- The level of the base of the extension should coincide with the foundation of the main structure;
- Next, waterproofing and insulation materials need to be laid on the foundation;
- It would be ideal to use the same type of brick as the main building;
- If a gap has formed between the extension and the building, it needs to be foamed with mounting foam, as this will also increase thermal insulation.
The modern material for the construction of the terrace is polycarbonate. Such a building has a lot of advantages. For example, a foundation is not required, it is enough to level the necessary area and lay decorative tiles. The frame of this design is made of a metal profile.
The terrace made of transparent polycarbonate looks, and in fact, quite light. Such a building can be transformed in the same way as a double-glazed veranda. In clear weather, enjoy the nature of the site, and in bad weather, coziness and comfort.
Interior decoration is carried out at the final stage of construction, laying of electrical communications and lighting. The decorative design of the interior of the veranda also depends on the tastes and preferences of the owner.
All types of terraces are interesting in their own way, have their own characteristics and advantages, which one to choose depends only on your desire.
Photo of the veranda attached to the house