Tandoor with your own hands — step-by-step instructions for quick production at home (100 photos)
Oriental cuisine dishes are gaining popularity from year to year. Everyone likes the food prepared by a professional chef. Attempts to embody masterpieces with their own hands often fail. It's not a matter of lack of skill, but of the necessary devices. For example, a proper tandoor will be an excellent addition to a country house or a country house.
Cooking tortillas, shish kebab or pilaf with it will become much easier. It is not difficult to realize the idea of building such a furnace with your own hands. It is only necessary to carefully study the construction technology of a suitable option.
A variant of the oven, invented by the Uzbeks, is suitable for particularly diligent owners. A single fuel tab will allow the cooking process to be carried out within 3 hours. Creating a design takes time, but does not require significant expenses. Thanks to this technology, it will be possible to perform a stationary or mobile tandoor.
The Uzbek model of the furnace can vary significantly depending on the wealth of the owner, the region in which it is used. The main material for the construction is clay. Inside there are special fittings (inserts made of kaolin or refractory bricks).
A pitcher—shaped clay tandoor is the most economical choice. It allows you to be as careful as possible about fuel consumption.
To create the foundation, not only a special grade of clay ("live", with a high content of kaolin) is used, but also animal wool (camel or sheep). Both materials are mixed, the resulting composition is aged for about a week. Time allows the solution to "mature". At the same time, daily intervention in this process is inevitable: the composition needs to be "stirred".
The finished material of a week's exposure is used for modeling the base of the furnace. There are a lot of technologies for this. The most common and affordable way to make a tandoor oven on your own will be considered further.
Tandoor in the Uzbek way: the progress of work by steps
The optimal way to make an overseas stove with your own hand involves the use of an improvised tool — a wooden barrel. It will allow you to easily achieve the necessary cylindrical shape of the product. It's good if you can find an option made of oak.
For use in construction, the barrel will have to be prepared. The item is selected somewhat larger than the finished oven is expected. It is convenient to prepare while the clay mixture is "maturing".
The barrel, with previously weakened iron rings, is filled to the top with water. Thus, the wooden frame spends up to 5 days. During this period, the necessary swelling of the wood occurs. At the end of the planned period, the barrel is emptied. A noticeably heavier object is turned upside down.
Next, you should dry the product a little. 1 day is enough for this. The next stage will be the processing of the inner surface of the barrel with sunflower oil.
No need to spare consumables. The quality of the finished tandoor for the cottage depends on the thoroughness of processing. The oiled base is left for impregnation for another 1 day.
After all the preparatory work comes the crucial moment of modeling the tandoor. To do this, it is necessary to roll sausages from a ripe clay mixture about 7 cm in diameter and about 50 cm long. The resulting blanks are rolled into ribbons, cut in accordance with the dimensions of the wooden base.
Ready-made strips fill the entire inner space of the barrel. They should be placed in such a way that the working material is superimposed. At the same time, in the upper area of the product, not just an overlap is produced, but a narrowing is modeled. This will be required for the proper functioning of the furnace. The appearance of the finished tandoor resembles a jug.
When the barrel is completely lined with clay strips, the inner surface is smoothed. The presence of irregularities is ultimately minimized.
The final stage in the manufacture of the furnace base is the drying of the clay walls. This process will take approximately 1 month (subject to weather conditions). To do this, a barrel with a clay interior is placed in a dry place with good air circulation.
The drying process is periodically monitored: the clay should gradually peel off from the wooden walls. At the end of the drying period, the barrel is freed from the steel hoops, the wooden layer is removed, releasing the clay oven.
The finished tandoor is installed on a pre-erected foundation. A refractory barrier is organized around the stove: brickwork is made. The tandoor itself is coated with refractory clay or covered with a special heat-resistant solution.
The working chamber of the furnace is equipped with a grate. This will improve the blowing and functionality of the product. The installation of the chimney will ensure the stabilization of the draft.
Before the first heating, the inner walls of the furnace are treated with cotton oil. The starting heating of the furnace is carried out during the day. Only a combination of actions will ensure reliable operation of the structure in the future.
Armenian tandoor: secrets of hand-made
The construction of the furnace in the Armenian manner begins with the preparation of drawings. It is difficult to make this design variant without using ready-made schemes. Tandoor drawings can always be found on useful resources, such as our portal.
There are many varieties of Armenian stoves. The location of the tandoor can be ground or underground. It can be a camera with a horizontal or vertical location. The easiest way is to perform a standard unit installed above the ground.
The production of a tandoor made of bricks begins with the preparation of the materials necessary for work:
The preliminary work also includes the choice of the location of the future furnace. If it is planned to erect a stationary installation, it would not be superfluous to provide shelter in the form of a canopy. After choosing a suitable place, they begin the main work:
Foundation construction. To create a solid foundation (especially in the case of a large tandoor), a standard version of a concrete mixture is used.
Pre-build a recess, fill it with gravel and sand. A solution based on sand and cement is placed on top of such a "pillow". The foundation arranged in this way will take time to dry (2-3 days).
According to the drawings, they make markings and begin to create brickwork. The first row is performed with a hole for blowing. Subsequent lines are made according to the drawings, focusing on the need for a gradual narrowing of the furnace.
The finished brickwork is coated on all sides with refractory clay. The seams are filled with dry material. The outer surface is treated with a creamy solution. For decorative finishing, you can use ceramic tiles, small stones, broken glass.
After waiting for the clay to dry completely, a control kindling is performed. Small brushwood is used as fuel. Prolonged heating will allow the clay to burn, harden. Next, the tandoor is used in the usual mode.
The production of the Armenian version of the oven can be simplified by using a template (cauldron or barrel).
Building an Armenian or Uzbek oven with your own hands is not such a difficult task. The main thing is to follow the instructions clearly. And looking through a photo of a tandoor made with your own hands, you understand what a beautiful thing can turn out in the end.