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Sewerage in the country — design and installation of safe and reliable systems. 100 photos of system elements

There is no way to do without a cozy house in the country – even if it is small, but bright, comfortable, warm. It will save you from rain, wind, snow, and you can stay overnight. Many people today love active recreation, are familiar with the tent firsthand, but at the dacha, nevertheless, a house is needed. And where there is a house, you need a sewer.

It is required to allocate space for a tree, and for a bed, for a greenhouse, a tank. Will it be enough for a shower, sink, toilet? Of course, that's enough. It is good if the plot is more than 6 acres. As they say, in this case, lucky.

If the area is small, you will have to initially make more effort, but then relax for your own pleasure. A photo of a sewer in the country is a visual demonstration of how well everything can actually work out. It's worth taking a closer look at them. It will be comfortable and easy after modernization.

How to make a sewer for a country house? First, a wiring diagram of pipes is drawn up inside the room and around the perimeter. It must comply with the rules of the SNiP. Pipes are purchased, their installation begins. However, this is not the place to start. First of all, you need to choose a storage collector.

The basis of sewerage in the country is a cesspool. It is periodically cleaned, treated in a timely manner with special substances for the correct, safe processing of organic compounds.

Is it worth making a cesspool for sewage in the country? This option is often chosen, but it has disadvantages. Previously, there was no alternative, and all attention was paid to the quality of its creation. Brickwork filled with concrete – this was how a reliable, practical cleaning, storage facility was made. Now you can do something else.

Bacteria and household chemicals are the main threat. They can get into the ground if the storage or cleaning tank is made incorrectly. Therefore, it is better to carefully study the ways to create it, familiarize yourself with the latest developments and only then make a decision.

And it is even better to entrust the work to a specialist. When there is a well in the country, you can accidentally poison the water in it. Groundwater can also be poisoned. Such a service as turnkey sewerage is often offered. In newspapers, on the Internet, on city bulletin boards, you can find the coordinates for communication, find out the price, clarify other points.

The pipes must be connected hermetically, the cesspool must also be sealed. Is it easy to achieve this effect on your own? Sewage is often created in the country with their own hands, because only the owners know where and what grows. But specialists can do everything very carefully, with minimal losses. It is only necessary to discuss the main points with them in advance.

On television, stories about the work of builders and plumbers of private firms in the USA, for example, are increasingly being shown. At any moment, an American may want to build an artificial pond or fountain in his yard, for example. Builders and plumbers will not stain the carpet and will not spoil the tiles by the pool. Sewerage on the site should be installed as easily. Entrusting the work to professionals, you can make sure of this.

And the specialist, unfortunately, will not be able to do anything if it is planned to create a classic cesspool, but water supply is also carried out. The load will be large, excessive.

Types of storage and cleaning tanks

Modern solutions:

  • specially manufactured, factory storage capacity;
  • septic tanks;
  • local cleaning stations (VOCs) or automatic installations (AU);
  • sewerage on the rings.

These are worthy competitors of the cesspool. They guarantee safety and comfort. After studying their features, you can choose the best option for yourself.

Storage capacity

The storage capacity is a guarantee of tightness. It is cared for in the same way as a cesspool, operation is completely unencumbered. This is the simplest and most effective option, which is why it is popular.

It is installed on sites with different areas. It's not about the area, but about the requirements. It is able to accommodate more sewage than a cesspool, but less than septic tanks.

If there is electricity

VOC or AU can be installed only when there is electricity in the country. They are supplemented with an electronic control unit, which simplifies operation, but for most summer residents it may seem like a luxury. Not everyone will agree to take and install such a collector.

VOC or AU is smaller in size than a septic tank. They cost, of course, more than the storage capacity. They can work offline for no more than four hours. So they are still designed for an amateur, an admirer of progress, fashionable inventions.

Septic tanks – a compromise solution

A septic tank for a cottage is a large–sized system, although there are different models. Perhaps this is their only drawback. The system consists of several containers in which the liquid is cleaned and eventually it can be used for irrigation.

Insoluble elements settle to the bottom. They must be removed every two or three years, and the system must be cleaned. It is this collector that can be called a universal technology. The main thing is to find a place for him on the site, observe the rules of safe operation.

Concrete rings

Suitable for cottages is also a sewer with storage devices in the form of concrete rings. The CS brand is used, rings of different sizes. The advantages are obvious: the cost item will be significantly reduced, they are safe, they do not take up much space, they are easy to install and they look aesthetically pleasing.

The disadvantage is the low capacity. But often you have to save water anyway, spend it carefully. It is quite possible that concrete rings are the desired, ideal option.

The scheme will help to avoid emergency situations

The scheme of sewerage and water supply is a drawing, a plan, an official document that cannot be thrown away. It will come in handy if they dig trenches and not only in this case.

It shows the main elements, their position and the pipes connected to them. The SNiP rules will help you place them correctly. After the scheme is drawn, you should make an estimate, purchase materials.  The riser is mounted first, then pipes are laid.

The sewer pipe from the house is removed through a hole in the foundation. If it has not been done, you should think about alternative solutions. In particular, about the construction of such an extension as a kitchen or bathroom, toilet. This time it is important to provide a hole for the pipe in the foundation.

Or you should discuss this problem with a specialist who will help solve the problem taking into account the individual characteristics of the situation. Sewerage in the country is usually installed without pressure. That is why it is so important to mount the pipe at the foundation level.

Autonomous sewerage on the site is a comfort that everyone can afford. Installing it is not a problem. The main thing is to decide. It may be necessary to redevelop the garden, vegetable garden. It is important to choose the right time to preserve valuable varieties. Thanks to this modernization, the cottage will turn into a favorite place for outdoor activities.

Photos of sewage in the country