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Roses — 155 photos. The best varieties, planting, care, cultivation and reproduction + step-by-step instructions

When buying rose seedlings, they do not look at all like the luxurious rose bushes that we see in gardens. A twig with unopened buds and a noticeable thickening at the bottom – a graft node, closer to the beginning of the roots. After seeing such a correct seedling, many doubt its viability, whether it is worth planting at all.

Roses are not as pampered as they seem at first glance. On the other hand, it is not worth hoping for a "Blow, spit, plant" scheme. A drop of extra effort when planting roses will pay off with healthy plants and abundant flowering. Here are tips on how to grow roses and take care of them after planting in the garden.

Bushes like sunny places, with rare exceptions. At least six hours of sun a day is necessary for a healthy plant, most varieties bloom better in such conditions. The exception to this basic rule will be hot areas with high daytime temperatures and aridity. In this case, the roses need to arrange a midday shade and drip watering.

Roses are not demanding of the soil, but they are very voracious, if you can say that about plants. A slightly acidic loam with an acidity of 5.5-7.0 pH with a transition to neutral will be exemplary. It is advisable to enrich it with a layer of organic matter, up to 5 cm.

The landing site must be professionally drained, water must be diverted constantly. Roses need regular thorough watering, but the roots of the bushes will rot if left in water for a few days.

Finally, do not "crowd" the rose bushes, make large distances between plants. Photos with examples of rose bushes seating show successful options. The more there is air movement – ventilation — between flowering bushes, the less likely it is to get fungal diseases.

Even hardy varieties of roses can pick up black stem and powdery mildew. These diseases are not removed from the thickened bushes, which will have to be dug up and burned.

How to plant rose bushes

Dig a hole that is wider than a shovel, but as deep as the root of a seedling. Recommended dimensions: width 40-50 cm, depth 50-60 cm.

Mix a handful of bone meal or superphosphate with the soil removed from the pit. Save this mixture for filling the roots as soon as the rose is planted. Such a simple technique will help the young bush to acclimatize better in new conditions. Do not feed anything else during planting, let the roots strengthen before the top goes into growth.

If the seedling is in a container, carefully take it out, slightly straighten the roots so that they begin to grow immediately after planting. Soak the bare roots with water for an hour so that they do not dry out in the ground.

Make a slide in the center of the pit from a prepared mixture of earth, bone meal or superphosphate. The mound should be high enough, if a seedling is placed on its top, then the node should be slightly below the soil level. When the plant settles, the inoculation should be filled in 5 cm, no deeper.

Attention! Gardeners in warm climates prefer to leave the grafting node above the ground, since the chances of freezing the seedling are unlikely. You can cover the node with earth, and it will not be damaged by frost.

In this case, there is a possibility that new processes will appear from the roots, and not from the grafted part. Then they will have other qualities that are not characteristic of the planted variety, perhaps initially beautiful roses will no longer bloom.

Spread the roots along the slopes of the hillock. Start filling the pit with the prepared mixture, carefully without disturbing the position of the roots. Pour a little water, let the mixture settle. Pour the mixture back in, slightly compacting it with water. Continue this way until the excavated hole is completely filled.

Pour the planted bush with water, it will take 1-2 buckets, depending on the soil moisture. After the water goes deep, mulch the planting with a layer of 3-5 cm. Water at least once a week so that the seedling grows. You can find out that the seedling has acclimatized by the appearance of new sprouts from budding buds on the branches.

Additional tips for caring for roses in the open ground

If the threat of frost persists after planting, cover the aboveground branches with mulch or the remaining soil so that the stems do not dry out. Remove this soil when weather conditions improve.

Shorten the canes of branches to 15-20 cm in length. This technique will force the seedling to put more energy into the roots, instead of trying to maintain excessive top growth.

Rose Care

Continue to water abundantly every week so that the plants develop the root system deeper.

Feed the roses with fertilizers from early spring, when the bushes wake up after hibernation. Choose a suitable fertilizer for roses and follow the attached instructions. Regular feeding during the growing season is mandatory, otherwise there will be no abundant flowering.

Be sure to prepare roses for the winter. Stop fertilizing 5-6 weeks before the first frost. Continue watering until the ground freezes. In areas with a warm climate, water regularly during the winter.

In places with cold winters, with average temperatures below -10 degrees, weather conditions challenge roses, especially hybrid tea. Shrubby red roses are hardier and can take care of themselves, but tea and modern hybrid varieties are weaker and more sensitive to cold.

Winter Survival Tips

Stop pruning roses at the end of summer. Leave the last buds on the bushes, let them bloom, a berry similar to the rosehip fruit will appear. Creating fruits, the rose bush will think about closing the season, will begin to prepare for hibernation.

Make sure that the rose bushes are thoroughly spilled. After the ground freezes, the bush will take care of itself, so it is important to water the bushes before the frost begins.

Remove all fallen leaves from under the bushes, clean the ground of possible diseases and insects. If the harvested leaves were healthy, then you can safely throw them into the compost pit. In other cases, the foliage is burned.

Take care of the vaccination node. After 1-2 frosts, pour 15-20 cm of compost or mulch under the crowns of bushes to protect the roots and vaccinations. The node should be at or just below the soil surface.

Attention! Do not try to use the soil around the roses as mulch. Breaking the surface of the earth under the crown can spoil the roots.

Climbing roses are afraid of winter winds that dry up the plants. Remove the lashes from the supports, collect them in small bundles. Choose a place on the ground for laying the prepared bundles, pour river sand there with a layer of 5-7 cm. Carefully arrange the bundles of branches, fix them with garden pins on the sand. Protect with a layer of mulch 15-20 cm thick until spring.

Be sure to remove the covering mulch in the spring. Reliable winter protection can do harm with the onset of warm days. As soon as the earth thaws, the mulch folded around the stem leads to rotting of plants.

Miniature roses

Window sill decoration – a homemade rose will add an accent to the interior and aroma to the atmosphere. To grow such plants, you need to choose the right roses. Grandiflora, shrubby, hybrid roses will not work. Polyanthous, miniature and stunted varieties are easily grown in indoor conditions.

The main characteristic of this group of roses was the combination of small buds on thin stems and delicate tiny foliage. Flowers can be simple, double, grouped or single, fragrant or odorless. The range of colors is wide, like garden roses. Miniature roses are easily propagated by cuttings.

When placing a rose in the volume of the pot, remember about the boundless appetite of these plants. Miniatures, like large roses, tend to eat up all available nutrients. Feed the plant regularly, follow the instructions on the package. Excessive fertilization can be more destructive than the lack of top dressing.

Transplanting a room rose is done as needed if the roots begin to come out from under the bottom of the pot. Simultaneously with the transfer to another container, change the ground, the old soil is not suitable for reuse.

Photo of roses