Rabatka in landscape design — what is it and how to create it with your own hands (130 photos)
The design of a harmonious and original flower garden is a whole art, which is comprehended either in special courses or through years of constant practice. However, there is also something in the cultivation of flowers that even the most inexperienced and novice gardener can do – the design of rabatok.
Under such a peculiar name lies a simple flowerbed in shape and care, which anyone can break, knowing the rules and schemes.
"Bed" – this is how the name of this composition is translated from German, which is characterized by a rectangular elongated shape, limited to 2 meters wide and about 15 meters long.
Usually such flowerbeds are placed along something: buildings, paths, front gardens or zoned territory as a kind of dividers and limiters.
There are several advantages of rabatki among other varieties of flower beds:
- Easy access to plants;
- Versatility that allows you to fit it into any space;
- Clarity of lines and geometry of the color pattern;
- Symmetry and rigor of the form.
Schemes and options
Despite the obvious simplicity, rabatki are famous for their versatility, as they have a variety of species. For example, you can choose a suitable bed according to a certain method of planting plants and their varieties, location, color scheme and even composition.
So, you can choose a one-sided, two-sided or intermittent option. In the first case, the flowers are planted along the length, while the tallest are located along one side, and on the opposite edge are stunted.
If the rabatka is located on a plain or lawn, then two-sided planting is preferable, where long plants are placed in the center, and groundcover varieties occupy the places on the sides.
Even more interesting is the intermittent composition, which combines several segments united by decorative elements or stunted bushes.
According to the location, flower beds are distinguished, built according to the principles of symmetry and asymmetry. Asymmetry in this case is a single bed located along an object, and symmetry implies a more thoughtful flowerbed inscribed in the middle of the plot.
An important role in the rabatka, as in any flower arrangement, is played by plants, according to the indicators of use of which there is also a division into:
- Annuals, which are beds of annual flowers;
- Perennial rabatki, consisting of flowers-perennials;
- Combined, combining both perennials and annuals;
- Single-component ones involve planting only one variety of plant, but different colors;
- Multicomponent – planting of several varieties;
Flower beds are also popular in color scheme: one-, two-, multi-color, contrast and monochrome.
The scheme of the rabatka can be different in composition:
- Single-tiered, involving the use of plants of predominantly the same height;
- The two - tier combines two rows of varieties of different heights;
- Multi–tiered - stair composition with an explicit allocation of three or more levels.
To make a rabatka "as in the picture" with your own hands, you do not have to study tons of gardening literature or pay for special master classes. It will be enough just to follow the steps of the step-by-step instructions below:
Choose a suitable place that will match the desired shape of the future flowerbed, as well as meet the needs of the plants planted on it (illumination, humidity, wind protection, terrain features, soil character, unobstructed watering and access).
Or on the contrary, starting from the chosen place, choose the right varieties.
Build a landing plan, determine which place each of the plants will take. To study the photos of the already decorated rabatok, to adopt ideas, to be inspired.
Start construction: determine the dimensions, using pegs, ropes or boards to outline the boundaries. Fill the space with prepared soil: loosen the soil, treat with a weed and pest repellent, remove the top (ten centimeter) layer of earth after a few days, mix the resulting mass with fertilizers (peat, sand, trace elements, and so on), return to the bed, level, moisten and leave for shrinkage.
When constructing a multi-level composition, make appropriate mounds, mounds. In accordance with the plan, plant the plants, keeping in mind the approximate rules (4 high or 10 low per square meter).
Also, do not forget about your imagination. For example, if the rope is located along a long path, then you can divide it into several "islands", sections, placing an accent in each in the form of a tall bush of roses or peonies.
The modern plant market is striking in its diversity, so it is sometimes difficult for a novice gardener to decide on the filling of flowerbeds. Among all the varieties , the following types are most suitable for the design of rabatok in the country:
- Tall dwarf spruce, peonies, roses, asters, marigolds, juniper;
- Medium irises, yarrow, lilies, lupines, snowdrops, astilba, tulips, chrysanthemums, dahlias, daisies, phlox, crocuses.
- Low petunia, pansies, calendula, verbena, nasturtium, Japanese maple, ochitki, saxifrage, creeping juniper and thuja.
Also, do not forget about the additional decoration of the rabatok, which will give the composition integrity and harmony with the environment.
So, a fence laid out of stones or a miniature fence, combining cobblestones, driftwood or garden equipment with flowers (from a broken wooden cart, a barrel to a gnome figurine) will not be superfluous in the garden. The smooth transition of a violently growing flowerbed into a calm and smooth lawn looks very spectacular.
A handmade garden is a simple, economical and effective way to make your garden even brighter and more attractive. The versatility of the composition, fitting into any relief, the possibility of combining a flowerbed with a path or any building make it indispensable in the design of a suburban area.
The main thing is that such a "bed" does not require special landscape design skills, because everyone can plant flowers along conventional lines, but the effect is first-class.
Photo of rabatka