Pumping station for home: water supply system and the main nuances of design and installation (65 photos)
In your own home, one of the most important elements for a comfortable life is a pumping station. It supplies water not only to the kitchen unit, but also to the toilets and bathrooms, and is also necessary for household needs. Therefore, you should approach the choice of a water supply station for your home very responsibly. It is necessary to carefully choose all the necessary mechanisms that will be able to provide all your needs with water completely.
If you are a visual artist, it is best to preview a photo of a pumping station for your home. Perhaps this will help you decide on the manufacturer.
What types of stations exist? What does the manufacturer offer us today? What is a pumping station for a private house? When should it be turned on? What functions does it perform?
The pump provides water supply directly from the water well to the consumer's house. If you automate this scheme, it immediately becomes possible to start the pump at any opening of the tap (take a shower, wash, wash dishes and other necessities).
Unfortunately, such too frequent use entails rapid wear of pump parts and its short service life. This is an ideal scheme for infrequent use when the pump is used in the country for its own needs or for watering a small garden plot.
The most important nuance is that for the full operation of such a station in your home, you need to monitor the water level in a well or well. They should not be higher than the mark of 9 meters. If the water mirror is a little deeper, the pump simply will not be able to lift the water up.
The main parameters when choosing a water supply station include:
- the performance of the station itself;
- the power of its engine;
- the volume of its tank or storage capacity;
- the maximum height to which the pump can lift water.
Choosing a pumping station in a private house, you should know in advance how deep your well is. If it is not very deep, you may need a water station, which is equipped with a hydraulic tank. It has a surface pump, a hydraulic accumulator (the capacity may be different).
Construction work and types of hydraulic tanks
Water is pre-pumped into the hydraulic tank. The pump will start working after the water reaches a certain level in the accumulator. This gives its advantage – there will always be a little water in the tank. Therefore, even if the electricity is turned off, there will always be some water in the tank. The tank volume can vary – from 24 to 50 liters. These are the most common volumes.
Disadvantages of such a station: with a one-time long-term use of the pump for watering a garden plot, the pump turns on and off too many times on its own.
It is desirable that the installation of the station takes place with the help of a specialist who will connect everything correctly. The master will also make all the necessary adjustments to the station to work.
What are water installations?
Standard water stations will have the following elements in their components:
- directly the pump itself;
- hydraulic accumulator;
- relay (with minimum or maximum pressure);
- water hoses;
- electrical cable;
- pressure gauge.
Pumps can have an ejector that is built in either without it or with an ejector that is carried out. A classic pumping station operates without an ejector.
The ejector is used in cases where the depth of the well is more than ten meters (the ejector is able to raise water from 30 m). To date, manufacturers offer their customers models that are able to lift water from a 45-meter depth.
What is an ejector? This is a device that helps to raise water into the house through a vertical pipe.
A pump that has a built-in ejector makes a lot of noise. This should be taken into account when designing a place for a pumping station and building it at a small distance from a residential building.
Models that have an ejector of a remote design are more complex. The pumping station itself can be located indoors. The ejector part will be mounted directly in the well itself.
This part is mounted on two pipes. Through one pipe, the water station lifts the water and directs it to the ejector. Through the second pipe, water with the right pressure in the pumping station enters the room.
Scheme of operation of the water station
Water analysis begins from the battery tank, which is built into the station. This happens at the moment of the direct opening of the crane. At the same time, the pressure in the water supply system will decrease.
Further, when the pressure is below the minimum relay setting, the pump will turn on. It will supply water from the well and simultaneously fill the accumulator. After the analysis is over, the pressure will increase. When it reaches its maximum, the pump will turn off.
The best water supply option for a private house is a combination of a pump and a hydraulic accumulator. Thanks to the presence of a hydraulic accumulator, a residential building and other objects that require water – everything is provided with water with the necessary pressure, without problems.
This is the perfect option – here complied with the principles of efficiency combined with high performance.
For the smooth functioning of water supply, it is necessary to initially think carefully about the whole process of how water will be supplied and lay all the necessary communications.
How to choose the right water units?
How to choose a pumping station and take into account all the necessary nuances? With a wide variety of models that manufacturers offer us, it will be difficult for an ordinary ordinary consumer to make a choice in favor of one or another model. We give some recommendations on how to choose a water station.
Try to study the manufacturer. How reliable it is. Do you have a service and repair center in your city or region? What is the warranty service period? What are the manufacturer's requirements to maintain warranty service?
What materials are used for the production of the pump, accumulator tank, impeller? What is the tank capacity? What is the performance of the pump? What is the maximum and minimum suction height of the pump? The power of the station. What is included in the pump station kit?
How much can a pumping station cost?
An important nuance when choosing this design for a private house is its cost. Unfortunately, people are not always inclined to recall the popular saying "A miser pays twice". To reduce the cost of construction, some craftsmen prefer to condescend to such a step as a pumping station with their own hands.
It is difficult to judge how correct this is. Here it is necessary to understand how often you will use this construction. What can a summer resident make a pumping station out of? From what will be at his fingertips. This leads to the fact that some elements eventually begin to live in their rhythm and very often fail.
If you want to save money, you can look towards Chinese pumps. However, it should be remembered that they are very noisy and do not last long. Their advantages include only their cost.
If you ask the opinion of experts, they will recommend choosing a ready–made station or using components. The finished pumping station is already ready for installation. It perfectly matches all the elements according to their technical characteristics, materials and sizes.