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Tree processing — overview of the main stages and progress of work depending on the season (110 photos)

Fruits grown in your own garden are the best source of vitamins and nutrients. Therefore, the owners of suburban and private plots equip gardens with many varieties of trees. But in order to harvest a rich and high-quality harvest, the garden needs careful care.

It is mandatory for gardeners to treat trees from various diseases and pests in early spring. Such a procedure should be carried out regularly, requires certain knowledge and skills. Therefore, we will consider in detail how to process trees with our own hands, without resorting to the help of specialists.

The entire scope of work is divided into two main stages – spring and autumn. At each stage, certain procedures are provided for plants. Spring work should begin with the arrival of the first warm days, immediately after the snow melts.

Preliminary preparatory work must be carried out and the condition of the garden examined in order to determine the necessary types of work for this season.

The first sprays begin to be done in early spring, before the buds begin to bloom. Before processing the garden, all dead branches are necessarily cut off, the territory is cleaned of dry foliage, because there are many larvae and insects wintering in it.

The next point is the whitewashing of the trunks of all the trees on the site. Thanks to this procedure, the bark of the eating tree is protected by many representatives of the fauna, and also prevents the appearance of burns from prolonged exposure to sunlight (especially important for seedlings).

To prepare the solution, you will need slaked lime, which contains insecticides, and ordinary PVA glue.

After the air temperature rises above five degrees Celsius, trees are sprayed from a small pest (aphid, honeydew, weevil, apple blossom eater). The procedure should be carried out immediately, while insects have low activity.

A solution of one hundred grams of copper sulfate and ten liters of warm water is prepared for spraying the garden. For this purpose, you can use iron vitriol, it will take about three hundred grams per bucket of warm water.

The same effect has a mixture of vitriol and slaked soda (the ratio is 300 grams per 600 grams). It is available for sale in specialized stores and is called "Bordeaux liquid".

Treating trees with vitriol will prevent the development of fungal infections, scab, rot and other troubles. When lime is added, the bark is guaranteed to be protected from insect harm. With the help of such procedures, trees also receive copper, which allows them to be fed.

Autumn procedures

At the end of the harvest, the autumn stage of garden maintenance begins. In winter, plants are highly susceptible to diseases, suffer from pests.

In order to protect them from harmful influences and ensure a good harvest in the coming year, it is necessary to treat trees from pests. Thanks to such actions, you will help the plants survive the cold season without damage.

In winter, many insects settle in fallen leaves and bark in search of warmth. Pruning the tree, as well as digging up the soil around the trunk, will help to get rid of most of these guests.

Pests that are in the middle of the bark can be eliminated by whitewashing. It is recommended to do this procedure closer to the end of October. First remove the old bark and lichens, then the pests will have no place to hide.

To do such a procedure on young trees is only with the help of hands. If the tree is older than six years, you can use metal brushes. Such a brush can cause damage to the bark.

Damaged areas are treated with garden putties, or specialized whitewash, which contains insecticides. This means not only adult insects are destroyed, it also kills larvae and pupae.

Cleaning the bark of fruit trees should be carried out regularly. In the opposite case, the upper layer of the bark and other growths on it turn into breeding grounds of harmful microorganisms and insects. The excessive number of such inhabitants contributes to the fact that the spring vegetative season will be significantly delayed.

Immediately after the retreat of winter, trees begin to attack various diseases (putrefactive disease, scab, fungi). To prevent these troubles, the trees are re-treated in late autumn.

What to spray with?

The preparations used to treat plants are conditionally divided into destructive and preventive substances. Since there are quite a lot of varieties of pests, one remedy will not be able to protect your garden from them all.

Spraying is often done in stages by several means. If you are doing such procedures for the first time, you can learn even by viewing only photos of tree processing.

Experienced gardeners have their own favorite recipes for the preparation of protective agents. Among the popular remedies are mixtures based on vitriol. A mixture of vitriol and urea can boast of a double effect. To prepare it, you need to dissolve copper sulfate (fifty grams) and urea (seven hundred grams) in ten liters of water.

The main advantage of this solution is complete safety. They can be abundantly watered both the plant and the soil adjacent to it.

The remedy is effective against scab spores on trees such as apple, pear, plum, apricot, cherry, quince. In addition, it fights sulfur rot in strawberry fields, chlorosis on grapes, septoria and anthracnose on currant and gooseberry bushes.

A mixture of vitriol and urea will protect the leaves of fruit trees from frizziness, prevents coccomycosis, klasteroporosis, moniliosis, rust, purple spotting. It also expels pests that feed on the sap and buds of the tree.

For watering the soil near bushes and trees, as well as beds, the same solution is used. Ten square meters of land will require at least three liters of the mixture.

Another popular method among gardeners is how to process fertile trees, while not spending money on expensive funds. In early spring, you can spray the garden with ordinary diesel fuel. It tears the plants with a dense film, under which all the larvae and pests will die.

Thanks to this method, they even get rid of the annoying bark beetle. This will require at least three such sprays. But make sure that the diesel fuel does not fall on the soil, because it will cause a lot of harm.

Photos of tree processing