A plot of 15 acres is a good layout of a suburban area. 100 photos of a beautiful design.
Dacha is a special place where financially secure owners of a city apartment have a rest from the hustle and bustle of a noisy metropolis. Its proper arrangement is a whole science that takes into account the smallest nuances of the choice of territory, the location of residential and economic facilities, the design of the surrounding landscape.
Before the construction of a residential building and utility structures, geologists study the properties of the area, to which the project of a plot of 15 acres is later tied. Among them, the following nuances are of the greatest importance.
The height of the suburban land. Precipitation accumulates in the lowlands, negatively affecting the integrity of structures. The implementation of artificial backfilling using modern technologies takes quite a significant amount of money, but it is practically unable to correct the situation. Therefore, the sites are traditionally chosen on high ground, which reduces the cost of construction work and reduces the speed of destructive processes.
The depth of the underground aquifers directly controls the complexity of the arrangement of autonomous water supply by digging an artesian well, as well as the bearing capacity of the soil.
- The presence of trees. Here, excess vegetation is cut down, and the stumps remaining after it are eliminated by uprooting. The necessary buildings can be placed on the vacated territory.
- The depth of freezing of the earth controls the size of the pit dug before the foundation foundation is arranged.
- Height differences over the entire area. If significant changes are detected, you will need to level the ground yourself, or create a horizontally located pile-type foundation.
- The presence of a reservoir in the lowlands indicates too high a height of groundwater and possible flooding of the earth in the spring.
- The type of soil determines the difficulty of performing the work. For example, the presence of rocky, clay or peat rocks will increase the complexity of construction operations.
- The width and length of the territory is controlled by the geometric shape of structures intended for housing and farming.
- The proximity of a centralized electrical network allows you to bring electricity to the house inexpensively.
- The placement of the cottage relative to the prevailing winds will help to manage the year-round illumination, heat-saving properties of the dwelling, the well-being of garden plants, the mood of the owners.
Making a plan
After completing all the stages of the correct selection of a suitable territory, the time-consuming planning of a plot of 15 acres begins. It involves the formation of professional drawings with diagrams of objects and predefined parameters of the distance between them.
When creating a layout, the specialists of design art determine the optimal configuration of the main ones, as well as the possibility of adding future structures. These works are accompanied by the search for a place for a residential building, traditionally located on the north side.
The design of the veranda will acquire operational comfort and an excellent appearance if it is placed on the south side. The following stages suggest creating a garden area with a corner of real wildlife.
In an orderly zone of green spaces, an effective plant irrigation system is assembled, attractive paths are constructed from natural materials, and the landscaping of the site is carried out. When creating a recreation area, the structures of a swimming pool, as well as barbecue areas and games are installed.
Quite comfortable gazebos, artificial ponds and beautiful benches become an excellent addition. A comfortable relaxation zone is traditionally created at the end of construction work, which greatly simplifies the determination of the location and types of objects being constructed during the space planning process.
Choosing a design style
When drawing up a correct plan of the suburban space, the decorator determines the style in which the design of the plot of 15 acres will take place. Owners of private homes are given the opportunity to choose one of the most common options.
The most simple are regular schemes of site layouts that observe symmetry and maximum accuracy of the lines formed. This method is chosen by insufficiently rich people who are unable to fully pay for the services of an experienced designer, as well as those who are afraid to make many irreparable mistakes in the process of arranging structures.
According to its rules, all objects of economic, garden and residential purposes are placed symmetrically relative to the selected axis.
The summer residents who ordered it get the freedom to choose structures that are usually present on an uneven landscape with irregular geometry. The inconveniences caused by height differences and incorrect shape disappear after the construction of artificial slides, as well as winding paths.
This style provides for an illusory chaotic arrangement of objects and the absence of symmetrical lines. For the formation of a spectacular appearance, all elements of Alpine slides, compact reservoirs, natural decor and forged structures are carefully thought out.
This style helps to make individual changes to the landscape, which already contains the constructions of the main objects. Then the newly-minted landowner is forced to come up with a plot plan on his own, which provides for combining the existing design with future changes.
Experienced designers have found that the regular style of placement of structures harmoniously combines with the coordinates of additional details of the landscape.
When drawing up a plan for a suburban plot, the cardinal directions on which residential, relaxation and economic areas are located are necessarily taken into account.
The best side for the construction of a residential building and other structures of economic purpose is the north. Such an arrangement will improve the visibility of the garden, vegetable garden and recreation area. Too little light radiation will penetrate through the window openings of the bedroom and living room located on the north side, which will worsen the mood of the owners.
If people do not like to observe the open space and contemplate fences that are too high, they are recommended to grow grape or blackberry hedge bushes.
Garden and vegetable garden
When trees are planted around the dwelling, it is necessary to take into account their future growth and the formation of the shadow in which the living quarters will be. Before planning a plot of suburban territory, the design of the irrigation system is designed and the sides of the plantings are selected.
For example, shade is necessary for the full development of currants, and most other types of flora consume natural light radiation. Paths made of natural materials are constructed to facilitate access to garden structures.
A modern vegetable garden has become an element that perfectly harmonizes with the overall style, looking like small neat beds with vegetables and edible greens. When it is formed, it is planned to have perennial or annual crops. If you plant special satellite plants, you can create attractive floral compositions from compatible species. The advantages of annual seedlings allow changing the appearance of the vegetable garden and flower beds annually.
When a recreation area plan is drawn up, it is recommended to consider a photo of a plot of 15 acres. A person with the appropriate skills and knowledge will quickly get an excellent result.
If the owner has enough money, it is recommended that he order the services of a company specializing in the design of recreation areas. For children, you can build a compact playground with a sandbox, swings and horizontal bars. A gazebo, a swimming pool and a barbecue area are quite suitable for adults.
Photo of landscape design on a plot of 15 acres