Pergola — use in landscape design. 110 photos of design ideas and building with your own hands
There is nothing simpler and at the same time more beautiful on a garden plot than a pergola. Everyone can build it independently from improvised means or buy individual parts in the store and assemble it into a single composition. In any case, a pergola in the garden will look stylish, expensive and perform a number of useful functions. Starting from the shade for the owner of the plot on a hot summer day and ending with an excellent stand for ripening grapes.
Pergola is, first of all, a small vertical oasis in the garden, which is created with the help of certain racks, fasteners. In a way, this is something close to a summer altanka, with one difference - the altanka has no direct purpose — supports for flowers, vines, grapes. But the pergola performs this function perfectly.
Basically, they are installed in a suburban area to create zoning or just separate parts of the garden, shaded enough to spend their leisure time there. At the same time, flower vines, wildly growing rose bushes or a vine are woven from bottom to top. In any case, it looks advantageous and expensive.
Most often gardeners or dacha lovers find their own solution, how and from what it is better to create such an architectural structure.
The main thing is that it looks appropriately and performs its main function. You can decide for yourself what to plant near such an exotic arch, the main thing is that it suits you.
On the web you will find more than one photo of a pergola, because it is a fairly frequent element of the exterior of a country garden. They come in a variety of types, for example, the material from which they are built:
Each of these structures is designed for a certain weight, do not neglect this. That is, do not expect that the plastic will be able to withstand the weight of long vine vines with fruits. Too much load will destroy and spoil the pergola, clearly spoiling the overall picture of a beautiful garden. You should not allow this, it is better to think well in advance about the plan of the future structure.
If you just want to divide your garden into small zones — stop at 2 meter options, if you prefer a row of arches that creates a solid corridor — stop your attention on higher specimens.
For example, a pergola created with your own hands can reach a height of 4-5 meters. Wild vines, hops, ivy, and forest grapes are usually grown on such plants. This is very practical, because a hedge of this type will protect from the winds and the sun, starting from the spring period, until late autumn.
And if at the same time you use seedlings of cultivated grapes, then in the fall you can also please your loved ones with a good harvest.
Differences in the types of garden arches for plants
Pergolas can also be:
- permanently installed,
Collapsible ones are quite rare, they are used by gardeners mainly in flower beds seasonally. That is, for the summer period, when flower ornamental crops bloom, they are collected. For the period of cold weather — on the contrary, they are folded and stored in the garage.
Usually these are not large designs used for pink or other stamp colors. With his help, it is possible to create good, bright compositions.
Stationary structures are a complex (or not very) multi-level structure, into which, like a ladder, the branches of a plant are woven, thus forming a living green wall. For the winter, such a plant can be cut or wrapped up, and the structure itself remains unchanged in place.
Often, among the permanently installed, gardeners choose a pergola made of wood. The foundation is filled with a concrete mixture or expanded clay-concrete mortar (it is more wear-resistant and durable).
Next, wide wooden beams are installed that can withstand the weight of the roof, side walls with a plant. Among such structures with roofs, it is customary to distinguish:
- rounded roofs of arches,
- rectangular arches,
- fan - shaped arches,
- straight and with a sloping roof.
The names speak for themselves, and the owners of suburban areas usually decide for themselves which arches-pergolas are better to build so that it is practical and pleasing to the eye.
Rounded roofs look more romantic, complement a delicate flower garden, rectangular roofs will add rigor and neatness to any garden. Fan-shaped arches will be appropriate for small gardens and plots that need to be divided into zones.
Creating an architectural unit yourself
Instructions on how to make a pergola are available to everyone on the web. Everyone, even a novice gardener, guided by simple secrets, will be able to create such a miracle himself, without actually buying anything expensive. Everyone will be able to find most of the details for the pergola at home.
Moreover, it can be installed absolutely independently, it is enough to adhere to a few simple rules for this:
Observe the proportions. The landscape design with a pergola will look good only if you observe the ratio of the size of the arch itself and the garden as a whole. A large, bulky structure will look out of place on a small suburban area, and at the same time, a small one on a huge territory will simply get lost, fade.
Try not to overload the arch with the number of crossbars, despite all the necessary strength, it should remain light, airy, unobtrusive.
Do not forget that it is necessary to take into account that the plants will grow and get heavier over time. Calculate in advance the final weight of the structure, together with the plant, so that later you do not have to strengthen it with additional racks. It is better to make the right calculations right away so that you don't worry about it later.
Choose the right plants for the pergola. For high, choose longer stemmed ones, for low ones, you can use two-meter stands, which will be quite enough.
Be sure to treat the rack with an anti-corrosion agent, both wood and metal. So you will save yourself unnecessary worries and problems for a long time.
Based on the specifics of the purpose of such an architectural unit, the possibility of rusting or damage by external stimuli. After all, your gazebo will be operated under the influence of rain, snow, sun.
With the right selection of plants and the design itself, you will get an excellent pergola gazebo. Here you can spend your free time alone or with your family. Invite friends, brag about your building, please yourself and your loved ones.
You can always change something in the gazebo itself, but the essence of the pergola, namely, constant proximity to nature, cannot but become a real find for your home. In fact, every garden plot has a place for a gazebo, but for some reason, not all people are ready to become owners of such a wonderful design.
Some, because they are supporters of more practical uncomplicated designs. Others, because they are not ready to constantly take care of fast-growing plants. And they really, for the most part, grow quickly and require that they be cut, watered, sprayed. There is no way without it, every beauty requires human hands.
A metal pergola requires special attention. It is not difficult to weld it, it is enough to have initial welding skills and an idea of what you want to have in the end. You can even draw an approximate plan, and then implement it in metal.
For such a design , you will need:
- several long squares (2-4 meters, depending on the length you have planned);
- squares for rigid connection of squares on the lower and upper level;
- rebar — for transverse and vertical supports under the plant.
Before starting work, you need an appropriate attitude — be sure that your pergola will be the best!