Perennial flowers — the main varieties, rules of planting, cultivation and care (75 photos)
Dacha is a recreation area and aesthetic enjoyment for each of us. She gives us not only vegetables and fruits, but pleases the eye with a riot of variety of flowering plants. Flowers are a special pride for every summer resident, because they create comfort and harmony, give unforgettable impressions with their fragrance. Therefore, their choice should be approached with special care.
Flowering plants are the perfect decoration of the site, filling it with bright colors.
Creating blooming areas and flower beds is a pleasant and hard work. Perennial garden flowers that delight the eye throughout the summer are an exceptional option for a summer resident. Such plants tolerate small frosts and winter colds, are unpretentious in care and do not need annual planting and additional care.
Having determined their place on the site once, you can enjoy their flowering for many years, use it as a basis for creating flower beds. The aboveground part of them will die off in the fall in order to delight us with their flowering from early spring to late autumn.
Another argument in favor of perennial flowers is that it is much more economical to grow them than annual ones, because when transplanting they can be divided and used to create a new flower zone without additional costs.
Choosing plants for early flowering
There are many types of perennial flowers for the cottage, which will begin to please us with the onset of the first warm days. Such plants are called early-flowering. These include bulbous, such as snowdrop, crocuses, which will delight us with their colorful buds, hyacinths, primrose.
Flowers with a late blooming period
There are perennial blooming flowers, the flowering period of which falls on the second half of spring, when the sun fully warms the earth. These are daffodils, tulips, honeydew, periwinkle — evergreen, which has green foliage all year round and only pleases us with its rapid flowering in early spring, dicentra is an undemanding flower of an unusual kind that perfectly combines with group plantings.
Then comes the flowering period of plants that support the beauty of your cottage from autumn to the first frost. These are ornamental cereals, sedums.
Rules for choosing plants for a flower bed
Among perennials there are varieties that differ in height, time and duration of flowering, light-loving and unpretentious shade-tolerant flowers for the garden.
From such a variety of species, you can create an original composition for a flower bed, which, once planted, will grow by itself, without requiring special care and attention, which is important for summer residents.
How to decide on the choice of varieties of flower plants
In order to correctly create a composition of perennial flowers, first of all, you need to decide which plants you want to see on your site.
To do this, there are many catalogs of flowers, which are presented in them according to classification, description, flowering period, height. This will help to grow an unforgettable composition on your site, which will be your individual design solution.
How to choose seeds for planting
When choosing seeds of perennial flowers, it is necessary to take into account the time of their planting, correctly imagine their growing conditions, growing seasons and height of growth.
Tall ones are planted later so as not to overshadow other species. They begin to bloom later than everyone else. These include lilies, gladioli, dahlias, peonies.
Stunted perennial flowers
Now there is a very large selection of colors in stores. They can be purchased in the form of bulbs, seeds or ready-made seedlings in flower pots. You can create your own unique flower beds from either one species or several varieties.
Multi-tiered flower zones look great, which are bordered by stunted flowers and borders with a frame of small bushes.
It is enough to create a drawing from them once, periodically fertilize, water and a beautiful flower garden is ready for many years. Primroses and phlox are ideal for such zones.
Individual design of the cottage
With all the economic profitability of perennial plants, they still require attention, because each variety behaves in its own way. Before planting a perennial flower garden, it is necessary to know well the names of perennial flowers, the conditions that need to be created for their active growth and flowering.
The whole point of planting is to choose the right place, so that they are not cramped and do not have to be divided and planted every year, it is necessary to take into account the characteristics of each plant in order to evenly and practically accommodate moisture-loving and those in need of arid soil.
Combining different varieties will help maintain the flower beds of the garden throughout the summer season. Basically, garden perennials have long flowering periods, but there are no eternally blooming ones.
Therefore, having planned a flower garden or a border of perennial flowers, it is necessary to use as many varieties as possible and take into account the timing of flowering, so that the suburban area turns out not just blooming, but also decorative.
Tips for composing a flower garden
When composing the color composition of your flower bed, you need to carefully select the color and number of plants planted in one palette. To do this, you can study photos of flowers to represent their appearance. The individuality and uniqueness of the suburban area will directly depend on this.
No need to score a lot of varieties, let it be a few bright colors. It will be much better than tasteless abundance of plants of different colors.
When choosing, you need to determine the purpose of these plantings: to separate the tall ones or to be in the foreground of the flower garden. Such a choice may depend directly on the type of flowerbed that you plan to create in your suburban area. They should be combined in size, shape and color scheme.
Contrast technique is very common in design solutions. It is used if you want to create a flowerbed with ornamental elements or a striped flower garden. The most important thing is that the selected plants have a contrast between them.
It is not necessary to create a miniature flower bed of perennials among a large lawn, or plant high-growing flowers along the paths, this will create the effect of a tunnel.
Another rule when planting a dacha flowerbed is the correct selection with a variety of flowering plants with different flowering periods, so as not to get the effect of one–sided beauty.
Each of us has our own preferences for certain color schemes, favorite colors. The mood and rest will depend on what your country flower garden will be like.
Photos of perennial flowers