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Peach is a popular variety. Recommendations: planting, care, growing at home (80 photos of the tree)

Peach is the favorite fruit of millions of people. In addition to the extraordinary taste qualities and alluring aroma, the fruits have a lot of useful vitamins and trace elements that are so necessary for the human body. Experienced gardeners know that the culture is quite capricious, afraid of low temperatures and does not tolerate negligent attitude towards itself.

In this article we will talk about the main nuances that a summer resident may encounter when planting a peach, recommendations for proper care and maintenance of culture in open ground conditions are given.

The culture can be divided into early-ripening, mid-ripening and late varieties. Each of the varieties has its advantages and disadvantages. For example, early-ripening peaches begin to bloom in May, the fruiting phase begins 4 years after planting, the trees are characterized by high yields.

The disadvantages of early-ripening crops include low transportability and high susceptibility to diseases. Trees of medium maturity are pleasing with high frost resistance and large fruit sizes.

Among the negative aspects is that these varieties do not tolerate return frosts well. Late peaches are the most frost-resistant, but begin to bear fruit at least 5 years after planting.

The choice of the peach variety is best carried out based on the peculiarities of the climate. The most popular representatives of their species are:

  • Frost;
  • American Fury variety;
  • Siberian;
  • Saturn;
  • The White Swan;
  • Redhaven.

Basic care recommendations

The tree will delight its owner with a plentiful harvest, if properly cared for. Gardeners recommend annually fertilizing peaches in early or mid-spring. Nitrogen fertilizers or ammonium nitrate are perfect for these purposes.

Watering must be done before the beginning of flowering, no later than 10 days. A couple of weeks before the expected removal of fruits, it is extremely undesirable to moisten the soil, this can negatively affect the quality of the crop.

It is desirable to treat a specific disease using a separate chemical substance, while not forgetting to use protection: gloves, mask, closed clothing.

Perhaps these are the main recommendations on how to grow a peach. Proper care is the key point in growing a tree.

How to plant a peach tree

It is better to buy seedlings in specialized nurseries, where employees can provide all the necessary certificates and documents. Gardeners prefer to choose annual seedlings. They are easier to take root and have greater frost resistance.

The landing time directly depends on the climatic zone. Residents of the northern zones plant the culture in the spring. If your site is located closer to the south, it is advisable to do planting in the fall. This approach ensures that the seedling will get stronger and take root as much as possible before the onset of the first cold weather.

Planting of peach trees is carried out in pre-dug pits, measuring 50x50 cm. Fertile soil is filled to the bottom of the pit, in which the seedling is placed. The root system should be leveled as much as possible, after which the tree should be covered with soil.

It is desirable to seal the barrel circle in the direction from the edges to the center. The final stage will be watering with several buckets of water and fertilizing with a layer of rotted manure.

How to select seeds for planting

Growing a peach in our climate is not an easy task. The tree is thermophilic and does not tolerate extremely low temperatures. Owners of homesteads and dachas most often grow a peach from a stone. But here you need to understand, it is unlikely that the variety that you liked so much will grow. The probability of repetition in a seedling of a similar fruit is extremely small.

It is better to sow the seeds immediately, without allowing them to dry. Land on the territory of the site that is maximally protected from cold wind and drafts.

Experienced gardeners recommend sowing seeds in the cold season, approximately in November.

Fertile soil is placed in the excavated trench, the bones are placed to a depth of up to 7 cm. It is important to take into account the distance between the seedlings, ideally equal to 20 cm from each other. After the main work, the landing site is abundantly filled with water and insulated with humus and sawdust for the cold season.

What are peaches sick with

Peach is a rather capricious and demanding plant. It is this culture that is often exposed to various diseases. This may be caused by improper care or too cold climate.

Among the most frequent, the following peach diseases are distinguished:

  • klasterosporiosis – the leaves of the plant are affected by light brown spots, which contributes to their drying and falling out, while the fruits darken and become covered with a crust;
  • curly leaves – the leaves acquire a reddish color, their surface becomes uneven, slightly wavy;
  • powdery mildew – a white coating forms on the fruits, the leaves are significantly deformed and eventually fall off;
  • stone fruit moniliosis – photos of peaches indicate that flowers, leaves, fruits turn brown and gradually dry up, the pulp of the fruit acquires an unattractive brownish hue;
  • fruit rot – develops directly on fruits, which are affected by dots of a light gray shade.

How to trim a peach

Pruning a peach is a traditional technique in caring for a tree. It is used to increase the fertility of the crop. The procedure is recommended to be carried out in early spring, just before the beginning of flowering. Peach painfully reacts to the removal of branches, so pruning is better carried out with a disinfected tool.

Bordeaux mixture is perfect for disinfection of inventory. An annual seedling is given a vase-shaped shape, shortened by 20 cm above the preferred length of the stem. In general, shortening is carried out at a height of about 60 cm. The increments are shortened by no more than 10 cm.

Preparing for winter

As mentioned earlier, the peach is a thermophilic plant that does not tolerate low temperatures. Therefore, many gardeners are interested in the question of how to cover a peach for the winter. There is nothing complicated in this procedure, it is enough to take into account some nuances and follow the recommendations.

With the onset of the cold season the ground next to the tree, it is necessary to mulch. As the insulation is suitable leaf litter, humus, sawdust or straw. The resulting mixture is placed near the base of the tree.

It is better to insulate the peach trunk with burlap, securing it with twine or fishing line. If winter promises to be harsh, you need to think about more serious measures of insulation.

So, a metal or wood frame is installed around the tree, after which it is covered with a film or roofing material. This measure will maximally protect the tree from the negative effects of low temperatures.

Photo of a peach