Ornamental plants — the best and most popular plants for the garden (115 photos)
Decorative flowers, plants are one of the main details of the interior of a house or garden landscape. They are grown and bred, not so much for practical purposes, as for decoration, beautification of the site, housing. Decorative indoor plants Milkweed perfectly complement the design of the house. These two species have a large number of different variations, modifications, shapes, colors, dimensions.
In this article we will find out in more detail and consider photos of various ornamental plants, get acquainted with their varieties.
Any owner dreams of an evergreen garden that plays with colors at any time of the year, be it winter or summer. And it's stupid to use such a space for fantasy, only as a plot for harvesting and planting future crops.
Having a small land area, you can create a cozy corner for family relaxation, build a gazebo or a bench, make flower beds and plant them with greenery. The assortment of plants for the garden is quite large, so it will not be difficult to choose them according to the size of the free territory, weather conditions, and of course – your preferences.
Garden plants include: shrubs, trees, perennial or annual flowers and herbs.
Shrubs and trees
By planting these plants, any dead land or construction site will turn into an evergreen island. The main condition is to investigate their resistance to frost, abrupt climate changes, the need for a certain acidity and the quality of planting land.
The following bushes and trees are distinguished: evergreen (spruce, pine, cedar thuja), deciduous, floral and ornamental plants.
Well-known ornamental shrubs such as lilac, white acacia, rosehip, do not need their own representation.
Let's get acquainted with the names and features of ornamental plants of more exotic species:
Camellia (tea bush) is an evergreen, heat–loving shrub. Blooms only in autumn. The plant has glossy dark green leaves, pink or red flowers, which provide the bush with highly decorative properties.
Rhododendron. It does not tolerate temperature changes well, in winter most species freeze. It is preferable to grow in the southern regions. The flowering period is spring. Blooms in clusters of bright colors, the color of which depends on the variety you choose.
Tamarisk is the most unusual shrub: early in spring it will bloom with a scattering of pink small flowers resembling frost on the grass. It is recommended to form a bush after it blooms, and in the deep autumn to carry out pruning of dry or diseased branches.
Spirea is a densely flowering ornamental plant (branches completely covered with color). Each variety has its own flowering period, which will give a chance to observe this game of colors from spring right up to autumn.
These include coniferous plants – decorative spruce, pine, cedar elfin, etc. Let them not bloom, but they will delight you with their coniferous smell and green branches for a whole year.
Pine and spruce trees are suitable for a large area, dwarf or slow–growing trees are suitable for tiny plots.
Yew is a wonderful tree for a small–sized territory. Features – growth is slow, feels comfortable in the shade. The plant is quite thermophilic, prone to death due to high soil moisture.
Mountain pine is a low tree that does not require special attention for its care. It feels great even on poor, unenforceable lands.
Hemlock is a tree with an original (in the form of umbrellas) crown shape. By cutting old, sick "umbrellas", you can keep them in a neat, attractive form. It has the best growth in a protected area from the wind.
Deciduous bushes and trees
Evergreens are valued for their smell and greenery that lasts for a whole year, flowering shrubs – for the abundance and density of flowers, and deciduous – for the unusual leaf plate and color. Properly selected varieties will turn a nondescript plot into a wonderful garden, even in the absence of flowers.
White turf – differs from other bushes by the presence of a white border along the edge of the leaf. Comfortably tolerates circumcision.
Barberry has beautiful red leaves, ruby berries, which in the mixture creates a contrast against the background of greenery.
The leaves of the winged birch bark acquire a red color by mid–autumn, and in early spring they are covered with inflorescences collected in a brush.
Maple is a 1.5–2.5 m tree with fan-shaped leaves and dark red color. For planting, you should choose a sunny place with acidified soil. Young seedlings are insulated and sheltered in winter.
Garden herbs, flowers
Trees are certainly good, but I want to pamper my soul with decorative herbs and flowers.
Perennials will be the best choice — they will not require special conditions of maintenance, do not cause trouble with cultivation. Also, for decorative purposes, the garden can be decorated with some cereal crops.
Flowers and herbs need proper soil composition, illumination. When choosing herbaceous plants, you need to pay attention to the following nuances:
Flowers that love and need a lot of light, pick up an open area that receives enough sunlight.
For plants that are not afraid of shade, flowerbeds near tall trees, the eastern or western side of buildings are suitable.
Shade-loving flowers feel comfortable under the crown, branches of trees, on the north side of buildings.
Another of the main criteria for the selection of plants is its size. Tall ones are suitable for the design of unremarkable buildings, fences. Groundcover plants will look good under the trunk of trees, near their base (trunk circle), will create a harmonious composition mixed with decorative stones.
Cereals require due attention, when buying them, it should be taken into account that not all species feel comfortable in a harsh, cold climate, and they will also require special care. For example, brown sedge, blue fescue, cortaderia.
There are more unpretentious varieties that will easily become the highlight of your garden, and they belong to them – kaplesemennik, kovyl.
Floriculture is an art that man creates together with nature. The soul should lie to him. It is difficult and they learn it all their lives. A great love for nature and a desire to make your garden perfect will help you achieve your goal.
Photos of ornamental plants