Landscape design — fundamentals of design and modern architecture of a garden or infield (150 photos)
Landscape design of the courtyard of a country house or cottage is a very important component in creating a general cozy and harmonious atmosphere. Before starting any work on the arrangement of your suburban area, you should develop a plan on which all zones and buildings with plantings and decorative elements will be delimited.
Another important detail of landscape arrangement is the budget. It also needs to be calculated so that there are enough funds for everything planned.
Creating an attractive and well–groomed appearance of the plot in combination with the comfort and functionality of the buildings available on it is the main goal of landscape art.
To make the design of the site really comfortable and practical at the same time, you should make a detailed plan. It can be drawn on an ordinary piece of paper. However, if you have some skills working with special graphics programs, it is better to do it there, since all the buildings and details will be voluminous in the image. With this view, it will be possible to really assess the future appearance of your creation.
If the garden area is completely empty, then you need to think through all the little things that will be placed on the plan: entrance, paths, house and farm. buildings, communication networks, all the details of landscape design.
If there are already any buildings on the site, then the existing elements are applied to the landscape design project, with an approximate distance between them. This is the plan that will be further refined.
Regardless of the size of the site, it is better to abandon the construction of large-sized massive buildings that can clutter up the entire territory. It is advisable to hide buildings behind shrubs and hedges, place them on the territory separately, alternating with flower beds, barbecue areas, gazebo and decor compositions.
It is worth abandoning the construction of blind closed fences. Such constructions in a small area will bring a sense of closeness. In the design of the garden, blind barriers visually make the territory smaller.
In addition to aesthetics, such constructions instantly change the microclimate, disrupting the direct circulation of air flows.
An excellent alternative would be a fence in the form of a chain-link fence, along which climbing plants are planted. Or a low picket fence.
In garden design, it is better to abandon the planting of trees that grow to a great height and have a lush crown. Due to the extensive root system and the resulting shadow, they will prevent the implementation of many design ideas. It is better to choose low-growing fruit seedlings that will be planted in a compact group.
Styles for landscape design
Landscape design styles include two types of decoration:
Regular style – the main axis of the composition is always present here, and the plantings will be placed symmetrically in relation to it. This style is more suitable for large territories.
The paths are laid out straight, strict geometric shapes are observed in the form of squares, triangles, etc., the choice of which depends on the shape of the plot. For narrow and elongated allotments, a rectangular shape is suitable, and squares are appropriate for a territory with approximately equal sides.
Natural (landscape) style – there is complete freedom in choosing places to place plantings and decor elements. It is better not to use straight tracks here.
The territory is played with mini-relief sections in several places. For example, a small pond with a bridge, an alpine slide, etc. You can create a volume without participation in earthworks by arranging a flower garden in which seedlings of different heights, shapes and colors will grow.
Basic elements of landscape design
Different types of reservoirs and water structures are very popular among both customers and designers. The main thing when choosing the configuration of the future reservoir is to determine whether it will be only an aesthetic detail or will have a practical solution.
If there is a task of practical use of a decor-reservoir, then a small lake will suit this role, their water can also be taken for irrigation.
In addition to the appearance, it is also important to worry about materials for construction and special equipment for the maintenance of the reservoir, about the purchase of plants and livestock.
Artificial water compositions for the garden can be represented by fountains, watermills, rivulets or streams, waterfalls.
To grow a flower garden worthy of attention, which will become a real decoration in the design of the garden, you will have to spend a lot of effort, time and money. There are several options for the design of flower arrangements: traditional type of alpine slide, mixed type or modern. It all depends on the overall style.
In order for the flower garden to delight with endless colors all year round, it is worth planting plants there with alternating periods of flowering. It is also important to take into account the height of the plants, arrange them so that some do not obscure and do not interfere with the growth of other seedlings.
The tracks are assigned not only a practical function, they also perform the role of an aesthetic component. It will be easy to approach any site on the territory along the laid out paths. Straight lines in the design are much more difficult to beat, so it's better to make wavy passages that can be beaten in different ways.
Buildings on the territory of the site
The buildings located on the site allow you to organize your pastime with comfort and convenience. The landscape design of the house should be primarily practical rather than decorative. Most often , they are erected on household territories:
- gazebos of different types (open for the summer season, closed for cooler weather and in order to shelter from the weather);
- oven with an open kitchen area of small size;
- outbuildings (barn);
- children's play complexes, etc.
The principles of landscape garden design imply the design of all buildings and decorative compositions in a single stylistic concept. Buildings of different styles will look unorganized.
It is important to understand here that the fence passing between neighboring plots does not apply to fencing structures. Fences in the concept of landscape art are structures used to delimit functional zones on the territory of the garden.
The landscape design photo shows that if there is an area with a vegetable garden, a garden, a playground for recreation and children's entertainment, then it is advisable to use decor fences between them. They can be made of absolutely any suitable material. It is important that they blend seamlessly into the overall design concept.
There are countless ideas of practical landscape design, and in each concept a special role is given to the decorative component.
All the elements here are designed to decorate the atmosphere, create a sense of comfort, focus attention and surprise.
The notorious gnomes and mushrooms are already fading into the background. The following elements are considered original and modern:
- lighting compositions;
- sculptural and architectural structures, etc.
The main principle of choosing decor details is that they should not contradict the chosen stylistic concept of landscape design.
Photos of landscape design