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Irga — instructions for planting seedlings. Growing and pruning at home (70 photos of the tree)

Irga is a shrub or tree with round berries of light to dark purple color. The sweet-tasting fruits ripen during the summer. Overripe fruits crumble, so the harvest is removed several times per season. The fruit tree grows both in the wild and in garden plots. Photos of irgi, planting rules, cultivation and care are presented in this material.

The fruits of the garden tree are used not only for food. They are useful and have a healing effect. Berries contain vitamins, trace elements and antioxidants. The useful properties of irgi include:

  • Vitamin P strengthens the walls of blood vessels and prevents the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases. Fruits are recommended to be consumed by elderly people to improve the functioning of the circulatory system.
  • A large amount of vitamins in the fruits of irgi is recommended for people who suffer from a lack of nutrients in the body.
  • Promotes normalization of sleep.
  • Strengthens the immune system.
  • The use of decoction from flowers reduces blood pressure.
  • Irgi juice is used to treat sore throat and sore throats.
  • Drinking juice eliminates intestinal disorders.

Culture is not recommended for people with low blood pressure to eat. The negative aspects can only be attributed to the powerful root system of the irgi, which constantly clogs the site. Berry shrub blooms beautifully and is often used in areas as an ornamental plant.

Short description

The plant has 28 species. The most common of them are:

Spiky irga. It is a shrub or tree with a dense crown. The leaves are dark green. Irga blooms in April.

The alder-leaved variety of the plant has leaves similar in size and appearance to alder leaves. The tree has an even trunk, the inflorescences are lowered down, the fruits have a round shape.

The Canadian irga is a large tree or shrub. The variety withstands frosts, is not demanding on soil quality and humidity.

Round–leaved (or ordinary) irga is a shrub reaching a height of up to 2.5 m. white flowers are collected in racemose inflorescences. The fruits have a bluish-black color.

The most popular species that is bred in the middle lane is considered to be round-leaved irga. A shrub or tree can be found in the Alps, as well as on the territory of the Caucasus mountains and Crimea. If the shoots growing from the rhizomes are not removed in time, the shrub can form thickets.

Rules for planting seedlings

On your personal plot, it is best to plant a strengthened process, aged from one to two years. He must be healthy and have no visible damage. Before boarding, it is necessary to take into account:

  • Season of the year. A favorable time for landing is early autumn, when the frost period has not come.
  • The distance between the bushes should be at least 2 m.
  • The landing place should be well lit.
  • The soil must be moistened and fertilized.

A novice gardener will cope with planting and caring for irga. In the process of work, you will need: a shovel, a watering can with water, compost, drainage, sand.

Step-by-step instructions for planting irgi

On a site cleared of weeds, dig a shallow hole, at least half a meter deep. Mix the soil from the pit with sand, compost, rotted organic waste. If necessary, add fertilizers.

Part of the resulting soil is laid on the bottom of the pit. If the soil is loamy, then the pit should be dug deeper by 10 cm, and a drainage of pebbles or broken bricks should be laid on the bottom.

The roots should go down, distributed from the center to the edges of the recess. Cover the root system with soil (not the trunk). Trample the ground and pour 10 liters of water abundantly. If the soil settles around the tree, fill up the earth, thereby comparing it with the general surface.

After planting, the plant must be monitored and watered when the soil dries. The shrub is unpretentious and usually quickly takes root in a new place.

Cultivation and care

Irga is a drought–resistant plant, so watering is recommended in dry weather in the evening, when the heat subsides. You can water the whole bush under the root or with a spray gun. In the latter case, dust is washed off the leaves and berries. For better penetration of moisture into the soil, the area under the bush must be regularly cleaned of weeds.

Five years after planting, it is recommended to fertilize the tree once a year with humus, liquid organic fertilizing or fertilizers.

Growing irga, like any other plant, it should be remembered that any nutrients should be introduced correctly, and not sprinkle them under the root. Such a rash step can lead to a burn of the roots or complete destruction of the garden culture.


For good fruiting in irgi, it is necessary to periodically prune old and weak branches. When to trim the irga? Work should be carried out in early spring before the budding period.

Old and weak branches, as well as the tops of a tree or shrub of irgi, are being eliminated. Pruning of the crown is carried out in order to prevent the branches from growing upwards. Branches that thicken the shrub are also eliminated.

Reproduction of irgi

The plant is able to reproduce by seeds and cuttings, root growth or bush division. The most convenient and often used method of reproduction is considered to be the removal of the root growth and its planting in a new place. The soil should be well fertilized and moistened.

Diseases and pests

The main pests of the culture are the weevil (seed eater) and moth moth.

The seed eater breeds offspring in irgi berries, thereby causing irreparable damage to the crop. The insect has an elongated front part, can fly from one place to another.

Moth-moth belong to the family of butterflies. They lay eggs in leaves, which, from moth damage, begin to curl into a tube. The caterpillars of these butterflies also feed on leaves.

To control pests, you will need an insecticide solution (Malathion, Carbaphos, Fufanon and other drugs).


Irgi berries are often added to dishes. Tinctures are infused from it, jam is brewed, wine and fruit drinks are made. Due to its medicinal properties, the products obtained from irga have medicinal properties.

Photos of Saskatoon