How to fertilize the earth: tillage and the main types of fertilizers (80 photos)
Almost all gardeners and gardeners say with one voice that it is best to fertilize the land before planting with manure. However, what about in the fall at a time when it is not possible to buy manure? Do not get upset. Manure is far from the only fertilizer that can be used for the land, and in some cases it can cause a huge number of problems at all.
If the manure compost was improperly prepared, then it may contain a lot of weed seeds, which will be extremely difficult to get rid of after their germination. If the humus has not "lain down" for the required amount of time, then it may contain various larvae of parasites and pathogenic bacteria infecting the earth.
For this reason, it is advisable to turn to alternative ways to increase soil fertility, especially since there are enough of them today.
The correct application of fertilizers in practice will be difficult if you do not take into account the mechanical composition of a certain soil, as well as its structure. Depending on the size and quantity of mineral particles , the following types can be determined:
Peat-swampy, containing the necessary amount of nutrients. Most of them, as a rule, are in a form that is poorly absorbed by plants, for this reason, the soil can boast neither potassium nor phosphorus.
Clay ones practically do not contain the necessary air, therefore they are considered compacted. The main disadvantage is the retention of moisture, which causes the impossibility of decomposition of all organic matter.
Sandy soils are soils that do not contain the necessary amount of organic substances. There are practically no silty particles in such soil, but there is a lot of sand. All nutrients are quickly washed out due to the fact that the soil passes water.
Growing vegetables requires fertile soil, because during growth they consume a fairly large amount of various nutrients.
For this reason, if you want to get a really high-quality crop, it is important to replenish the soil with nutrients using fertilizers in a timely manner. But what are the options? Is there an alternative to popular mineral particles?
How to make the soil fertile
It is very easy to find a classic set of well-known mineral fertilizers in absolutely every supermarket of goods intended for the garden and at home.
However, first of all, it is necessary to decide on the future choice at home. For example, in autumn, you can apply only those types of fertilizers that are difficult to dissolve and have a long and effective effect. Otherwise, the granules will be washed away by the first downpour and by spring there will be no useful components at all in the upper layer.
In the middle of autumn, it is advisable to apply granular fertilizers containing potassium chloride, a popular and well-known superphosphate to all gardeners, pushonka. If you have not seen them on the shelves of stores before, then look at the photos of the fertilizer of the earth to know what to look for during the next hike. Lime is necessary for the process of deoxidation of the earth.
Chalk or simple dolomite flour can also have a similar effect. To fertilize shrubs and small trees, it is useful to sprinkle a little different compositions of complex mineral fertilizers. It is important not to forget to actively loosen the earth, so that the minerals are better absorbed.
Even beginners can use mineral complexes as the most effective fertilizers, since in any case it is indicated on the packages themselves for which crops they are intended, as well as how many granules will need to be added.
Some people think that "porridge oil will not be able to spoil." In fact, if you overdo it with the use of fertilizers, it is very easy to cause significant damage to the soil, as well as oversaturate vegetables with nitrites and nitrates.
Well–known organic fertilizers for the soil are manure, bird droppings, deciduous earth, humus and some others. Organic fertilizers are considered to be the most natural fertilizers that are ideal for the soil.
Manure is a cheap and easily accessible way for everyone to fertilize the soil. It contains a lot of nutrients that turn into carbon dioxide when decomposed. Subsequently, this is the reason that the clay soil becomes more loose, and the sandy soil becomes moist and viscous.
Thinking about how to fertilize the land better, it is necessary to observe several rules:
- If you have purchased rotted manure, then know that they need to fertilize the ground in the spring, and if fresh, then in the fall.
- Humus is obtained in practice by decomposing the roots of various plants and leaves. It is especially popular to use it for seedlings. It is necessary to make 50 kg per 1 square meter.
- Due to the fact that bird droppings are considered highly concentrated fertilizer for any land, it is used extremely rarely. It must be diluted by adding 0.3 liters of litter to 10 liters of clean water.
Alternative methods of fertilizing the earth
The question of whether it is possible to fertilize the land without using manure worries many. The answer is of course positive. A good effect for the earth is provided by a tincture of nettle or any weed that will be at your fingertips.
To do this, it must be mixed in a container with clean water for a couple of days. Get ready only for the fact that from such a tincture will necessarily come the characteristic unpleasant smell of the well-known manure.
Another valuable fertilizer today is ash. It is in it that there is a complex of trace elements necessary for plants in an easily digestible form. It is advisable to add ash before digging the earth. In this case, its distribution will be as uniform as possible.
In any case, the feeding of plants on the site should always take place in a timely manner and in the necessary quantities. It is very important to monitor the dosage so that the soil is not oversaturated.
Observing the above rules, your vegetable garden will always be not only well-groomed, but also fertilized. For those gardeners who are tired of routine work in the garden and constant digging of the soil, it is important to know that you can always switch to natural farming. It makes it possible to reduce the number of labor-intensive operations and increase soil fertility by more humane methods.
Photo tips on how to fertilize the earth