How to drain a plot: effective methods of getting rid of groundwater with your own hands (70 photos)
Water is one of the most important components on earth. No plant can grow without water, but sometimes there is so much water that it turns into a big problem. A huge number of owners of suburban plots face this. Excess moisture does not contribute to either construction or agriculture.
A plot located in a lowland or a soil containing a large amount of clay is, of course, a "headache". But still such problems are quite solvable, it is necessary to drain the site from the water.
Drainage is a whole set of measures designed to produce an outflow of excess moisture from the soil. Before starting to create a drainage system, you should pay attention to:
- The amount of groundwater.
- The presence of precipitation.
- Layout of communications.
- The presence and location of underground structures.
- Soil structure.
- The possibility of planting trees and shrubs.
Stagnant water poses a strong threat to buildings located on such soil. It remains to choose the most suitable version of the system.
It is possible to drain the soil using a deep or surface drainage device. The tasks of both options are similar — removing excess moisture, but the principles of their laying and their work occur in different ways.
So, surface drainage produces an outflow of water from the upper layers of the soil, which accumulate after precipitation.
For the drainage of the upper layers of the soil, a linear or point design is suitable. Water collectors are placed in the place where there is the least amount of moisture. Suitable for this:
- Various tracks of natural origin.
- The space at the entrance door.
- A place at the bottom edge of the veranda.
- A platform at the entrance gate.
The point system is very simple. When creating it, you will not need to create an exact plan. To create a structure, it is necessary to prepare water intakes, drains, storm gates and water drains.
To preserve the fertile soil on a plot with a slope of 3 degrees or more, it is necessary to create a storm system. It will also be useful when:
- Washing the paths with water.
- Draining the space near the entrance to the garage.
- If there are prolonged rains and it is necessary to remove a lot of moisture from the foundations of buildings.
The drainage system deepened into the soil is called linear drainage. From above, the gutters are covered with removable metal grilles.
With this method of draining the site with your own hands, the main condition is the correct location of the grooves. The gutters are laid making a slight slope so that the water flows move independently.
Moving along the groove, wet masses fall into the filter. With the help of a filter, the masses are cleaned, and water from it enters the storm system through the drains.
The construction of linear drainage is troublesome and requires preliminary planning. Laying a concrete foundation is mandatory for all parts of this system. If the catchment area is large, then it is necessary to fill the foundations with concrete using a slope.
To enhance the operation of the drainage system, you can create a combination of different designs. With such placement, even large volumes of water will not cause significant damage to either buildings or vegetation.
To remove excess moisture from the site, underground drainage paths are also used. To collect them, you will need to install a well.
According to the principle of groundwater assembly, the systems are:
- In an upright position.
- In a horizontal position.
Vertical position systems are produced according to the principle of ribbed wells. Wet layers are the place of their placement. A filter and a pumping apparatus are placed inside the well.
Therefore, these structures are already engineering structures that need constant care. This is the reason why the vertical drainage system is not popular.
The simplest and most accessible is the horizontal position system of the deep-type drainage system. The main elements of this system are drains. The drain is a corrugated pipe designed for laying into a pre-dug ditch. The use of corrugated PVC pipes is due to their inexpensive price and ease of installation.
Instructions on how to drain the site looks something like this:
- We make a laying plan, where we designate the location of the sewer well.
- Guided by the plan, we dig out the grooves.
- We put sand on the bottom of the grooves and cover it with a special material. There should be enough material to cover the pipes.
- The drains are located at an incline in the direction of the well.
- We connect the individual parts with the help of tees and crosses.
- We wrap the pipes and fall asleep with crushed stone, and a layer of earth is on top.
Do not forget about the release of water and the well itself. Draining from the well can be arranged in the nearest ravine or in the central storm drain.
Maintenance of the drainage system
For proper care, it is necessary:
- If necessary, clean it.
- Once every ten years, a major flushing should be carried out to remove deposits from the walls of pipes.
- Do not use heavy vehicles on the dren sites.
- Systematic loosening of the soil with subsequent pressing is also one of the methods of caring for the system.
- With the help of a hose with a high pressure, it is necessary to flush the pipes from soil, silt and debris.
The swamp on the siteIn order to drain the swamp on the site, it is necessary to raise the ground level of the entire site with the creation of a drainage ditch around the perimeter.
This method is very expensive and therefore not accessible to everyone.
Before starting the drainage of a swampy area, it is necessary to determine what depth to make ditches. With seasonal waterlogging of the site, we break through the channel along the lowest part. It will be appropriate to have a large number of drainage ditches.
On clay soil
On clay soil, meltwater and precipitation remain on the surface for a long time without going into the soil. This is neither good for a flat area nor for a slope area. Streams of water masses from the lands located above are added to the site located under the slope.
The easiest solution to such a problem would be to create open ditches. The closed drainage system is ineffective here.
With the help of nature
Not everyone has the opportunity to create and maintain a serious drainage system. And here the plants draining the site come to the rescue.
The lower part of the plot, where the soil is most moistened, is planted with moisture-loving plants. They will perfectly cope with the absorption of excess moisture:
- Weeping willow and birch. These trees are ideal for planting along the edge of the plot. They take root well and immediately begin the drying process.
- The heavily moistened area is suitable for planting alder, ash, larch and maple. These trees not only effectively cope with the task of drainage, but can also become an ornament to your site.
- The only cultivated tree for a garden with high humidity is a plum.
There are plenty of ways to deal with a lot of moisture. And everyone can find a suitable option for him. So an excessively moistened area is not a verdict!
Photo tips on how to drain a plot