How to design a garden — zoning of the site and competent organization of space (120 photo ideas)
Before you start decorating the garden, you should decide on the use of decor: is temporary or long-term placement planned? It will depend on this which materials will be used in the arrangement: strong and solid structures or short-lived exterior items. Decorating a garden with your own hands is not so difficult. The main thing is careful planning and imagination.
The correct arrangement of all elements on the house territory is the key to a harmonious composition. She is able to turn a space of any size into an object of envy and admiration.
For a clear understanding of what the right composition is, and to get a dose of inspiration, designers are advised to study photos of a beautiful garden design on the site.
It is easy to make mistakes in the design of the site. That is why it is necessary to approach this issue more carefully. First of all, it is necessary to clearly understand what a composition is. In this case, the composition is a balance of all the elements of the garden, the appearance of which creates a holistic and pleasant impression.
First you need to decide on the center of the composition. The location of this element can be any, because it is called the center one only because of its brightness and attractiveness. The central object should stand out. Its special feature may be its size, shape, brightness or original design.
The central object should also be combined with interesting exterior objects, but they should not necessarily stand out against its background. However, these elements must have something in common with the center of the composition. For example, to carry the same functions or have the same color scheme.
The number of such objects should be in the range from 3 to 5 pieces. Also, you can use "third level" objects in the center. They should also echo the main subject in the same way and their number is not limited.
For the integrity of the design of the garden plot, it is necessary to combine the house and the garden. There should be a lot of so-called connections between them. There is a concept called "echo effect", which is a duplication of elements of the house in the garden. These can be the same facade finishing materials, shapes and colors. Flora, in this case, complements this harmony in the garden.
In the construction of the dwelling, it is necessary to provide transitional elements to the site. For example, stairs and terraces. An excellent option would be to decorate the porches of the house with greenery (for example, vines), which will serve as a smooth transition into a blooming garden.
Another element of harmonious balance is proportions. In the case of a garden design in the country, it should be the correlated dimensions of all elements in the house territory.
In the design of a small garden, it is very important to observe harmony. In a small area, bizarre and complex shapes of shrubs and trees will look out of place, as well as ridiculous and bulky objects. The correct shapes (square, oval, circle and s-shaped) will add effect.
As for the color scheme, there are no strict restrictions, because the garden itself is multicolored. However, you should not spray and use all the shades of the color palette indiscriminately.
Yes, flowers can be bright and diverse, but they must be combined with each other or located in separate areas of the territory. When looking at the infield, a beautiful and harmonious picture should be formed.
For simplicity in the design of the garden with flowers, you can use a special palette of shades, namely, certain combinations specified by one color circle.
There are several options in the selection of the palette:
- Nuanced. Applying shades of only one color.
- Tonal. Using colors located next to each other on the same circle.
- Contrasting. Using colors that are opposite to each other.
With any choice, two, three or a maximum of four colors must be presented. The multicoloration in the garden should be carefully thought out, because the abundance of non-matching shades can cause terrible irritation.
Decoration of flower beds
One of the main elements of a garden plot is precisely flowerbeds. It is not necessary to study the basics of landscape design for independent decorative design of the garden and vegetable garden.
First you need to determine the location of the future flower garden. The plot should be on the sunny and not the wind side. Designers advise to equip one large flower bed instead of several small ones. But here you should start from the harmony of the composition of the garden and your preferences.
It is not necessary to build too complex structures. To choose colors, it is advisable to draw the preferred color scheme on paper and evaluate how well it will fit into the exterior.
If there is a desire to use bright colors, then you should divide the flower beds into strips of the same tone. Alternation of white and black stripes will be appropriate here.
It is worth observing the rules of the harmonious composition of the flowerbed: bright and tall flowers — in the center, medium—sized ones — in the middle, and small ones - on the edges. Also, trees and shrubs can be planted in the flower bed, focusing on them.
The choice of plants for a flower bed is influenced by the type of soil, climate and flowering time. The flowers should bloom at the same time. With proper planning, it is possible to achieve permanent flowering throughout the season.
It is recommended to arrange flower beds on a hill so that it does not look flat. The flowerbed is limited to turf covered with decorative stones.
The water plot is able to diversify the design of the garden and attract attention. That is why the arrangement of a reservoir on a private plot is now so popular.
Nevertheless, young reservoirs, even beautifully decorated, can look unnatural. In order to change this situation, it is enough to plant perennial plants around it. This will give the integrity of the composition and create a smooth transition from the pond to the garden and house.
When choosing decorative elements and plants for a pond, you should be aware of exactly what impression it should create. In the warm season, the pond is undoubtedly the personification of freshness. This is exactly the impression that the flora by the water should create. Large-leaved plants are ideal for decorating the shores of the pond.
For the beauty of this object, it is necessary to remember about the needs of plants that will be planted near the shores of the reservoir. It is necessary to think about where and what kind of soil is located and what are the conditions for landscaping.
Anyway, for a comfortable existence, about 30% of the water surface must be placed in the shade. Accordingly, some of the plants will also be in a place isolated from the sun. Therefore, it is worth considering which ones will be located here.
To give integrity, you can also use another design secret: laying out stones between plants of different types. This will brighten up the transition from shadow to light and create a harmonious structure of the object.
To create an ideal garden with your own hands, it is enough to follow just a few rules:
- consultation with specialists before the direct planning of the site;
- zoning of the territory;
- selection of flora according to the landscape and climate.
Photo tips on how to design a garden