Household unit for giving with your own hands — step-by-step instructions, photos, recommendations
The first object in the suburban area can be a small household room – an economic block. Modern versions of it make it possible not only to store garden tools, but also to relax comfortably, cook food. Such an object in the country is simply irreplaceable, especially if it is able to perform various functions.
The complete set of the building strives for maximum utility, depending entirely on the needs of the owner, and the design of the household unit can impress with its originality.
The appearance of economic objects can be anything. The size of the household unit is small, and the functions assigned to it are enough, being a storeroom is only one of the purposes. The construction of the main country house is a time-consuming process, so it is necessary to have a "spare" roof over your head.
Then it will be possible to make a guest house out of a temporary building. In addition, a suburban area without amenities and a long pastime on it will certainly encourage the owner of the land to equip a bathroom and a shower room in the utility block. A utility unit with a toilet and a shower gives a completely different level of comfort.
Then it makes sense to organize a sleeping place in case you need to stay on the site for a few days. You can build a suburban household unit yourself, buy it ready-made, then assemble it, or make an order to a certain company for turnkey construction.
For example, in modern cottages, a whole room has been allocated for these purposes — a boiler room, so that there, in the open space, it was possible to make normal pipe wiring and install equipment. Was such a room provided for in dachas that began to be built 20 years ago? — of course not. That is why my ideal home is a modern building — from the very beginning.
Watch the video: Shed with your own hands
Types of outbuildings
Before you start building a cabin, you need to decide on the needs that the future structure will serve to satisfy. The design solutions of the utility block depend on whether the building will be multifunctional, or whether it will become a storeroom for working tools. Let's consider some types of modern household units.
Mobile cabin. This type of economic structure implies the presence of wheels and a mechanism for attaching to any transport, so that the household unit can change its location.
Mobile cabins can often be seen on deployed construction sites. Their convenience is in readiness to move to any object under construction, saving time for the construction of temporary shelters.
Barn. Being a technical structure, the shed is intended for storing working tools and, possibly, the harvest obtained from the plot of land. The material for the construction can be wood or metal. The barn object is not intended for living, it does not carry additional loads, therefore, no drafting is required for its construction.
Warehouse of building materials. It will be useful during the construction of a country house. All materials, tools and auxiliary structures will be stored here.
The main requirement for the warehouse is to ensure reliable waterproofing so that what is stored inside is not exposed to atmospheric precipitation. It makes sense to make an extension with a shower and a small canopy so that the builders of the main house can wash, have a snack and relax.
Security post. The construction of such an object is necessary on spacious grounds, or when the suburban area is not fenced and building materials are stored in an open space. The security booth is sold ready-made, its acquisition will allow you to start building a house faster.
A utility block with amenities. It is a rather complex object, the functionality of which may include: a shower cabin (an analog with a water tank and heating), a toilet, a place for cooking, a sleeping place, a canopy.
Garage. When arranging this type of economic construction, it is worth making an observation pit (cellar). Then the garage will be able to combine a shelter for a car, a small workshop, a storage of country tools, crops and blanks for the winter.
The sizes of household units vary depending on their variety. A mobile cabin or a security post will not differ in impressive dimensions, but for a household unit with amenities you will need a larger plot of land.
Ready-made household units
The easiest way is to purchase a ready–made household unit, and after delivery, assemble the entire structure on the site, installing it in the right place. There are two main versions of the buildings – made of plastic or metal.
The plastic model is represented by several separate sections. The lightness of the material allows you to easily deliver the structure to the place. The assembly itself takes only a few hours. Special tools for installation are not required, as a rule, the necessary elements are included in the complete set of the utility unit.
In addition, the plastic model does not require a foundation, is characterized by mobility, it provides for the installation of a floor, ventilation, installation of windows. The average service life is about 10 years.
Metal models consist of a frame and a profiled sheet. Unlike the plastic model, this one has no floor. In the installation area, tiles are laid or a concrete base is poured. Galvanized steel is used, which is coated on top with paint and varnish materials, enhancing anti-corrosion properties.
The service life due to this technology is significantly increased. In addition, the outbuilding is undemanding in terms of care.
The main advantage of ready-made cabins is the speed and simplicity of their installation. The prefabricated household unit, being at first the only structure in the suburban area, carries many functions: to be a repository of materials and tools, to be a small house for those who want to stay in the country for a few days of the owners. All this is possible only under the condition of capital construction.
Wood or stone will be suitable as materials. The latter option is ideal, however, by choosing it, you need to be prepared for more time spent on the construction. When a temporary shelter needs to be organized as soon as possible, it is better to resort to the first option by using frame technology.
Independent construction of a household unit
To build a household unit with your own hands, you need to have some construction skills, prepare tools and deliver materials, free up time in your schedule to erect a building. If possible, it is better to find an assistant.
Before starting construction, it will be useful to wander through the expanses of the network, where an impressive number of photos of household units for cottages are laid out. After reviewing the options, it will not be difficult to choose a more suitable one for your site. In the meantime, consider the option of building a wooden block.
As a material, a 6-meter–long board (beam) is quite suitable; then, in order to save it, it makes sense to make the optimal dimensions of the structure: 6 m in length, 3 m in width. The height may not exceed 2 m. As a result, you can get a shed with an area of 12 squares and a small shower room under one roof.
Location of the building. The speed and convenience of further work depend on the correct location of the outbuildings. When choosing a place, you need to carefully check with the norms for the placement of structures, they are their own for a particular region.
However, with an individual agreement, possibly executed in writing, you can try to place a utility block with your back to a neighbor's similar structure. In this case, there will be no disagreement on the operation of the rear part of the building.
Foundation. The wooden building of the specified dimensions is not bulky, therefore it does not require the arrangement of heavy reinforced tape. It will be enough to dig a trench with a width and depth of 40 cm, fill the bottom with sand, tamp and spill water. After a week, concrete blocks are laid out on such a pillow with a distance of one and a half meters from each other. Then waterproofing is laid on the blocks (roofing material is suitable), a beam is mounted on top.
Skeleton. An edged board is used to create the main structure. The frame is insulated on both sides with the help of parchment, the finished wall is sheathed with clapboard. The shower room is insulated with heat-insulating mineral wool with a vapor barrier. When it gets cooler, the shower room can continue to be used.
Roof. The material for the roof can be slate. Using polycarbonate, the roof is extended, thus creating a canopy. The optimal roof design from the point of view of saving time and finances will be a single-pitched roof.
Walls and floor. A 35 mm board is suitable for the floor, small window openings are left in the walls for a natural light source inside the room. It makes sense to put double glazing in the shower.
Decor. Painting is considered one of the best options for the interior decoration of a household unit. Tinting impregnations and alkyd paints are used.
Some novice summer residents doubt the need to erect a household unit, believing that a garden and construction tool can be placed somewhere and so. But storage in a garage or under a canopy is extremely inconvenient in terms of practical organization of space. Therefore, you should not neglect the economic construction, saving on your own comfort.
In addition, the arrangement of a household unit is not very troublesome and costly, especially in comparison with the possibility of a comfortable stay in the country both during the construction of the main house and during its operation.
Photo of a household unit for a cottage