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Greenhouse with your own hands — an overview of the best options for beginners. 115 photos of ready-made greenhouse designs in the country

The device of a greenhouse is necessary both in a spacious suburban area and in a small house garden. Thanks to the installation of this design, you will be able to grow an early harvest, shelter sensitive crops from frost, create conditions for rapid growth of seedlings.

Greenhouses come in various shapes, sizes, types, this will allow you to choose a model that is ideally suited for specific purposes of its use, climatic features of the area, the size of the vegetable garden, etc.

In order to install and build this structure on the site, it is not necessary to spend a lot of money on the purchase of a ready-made structure, you can equip the greenhouse zone on your own.

Before starting the construction of a greenhouse, it is necessary to correctly determine the place of its installation. The dimensions of the structure, its shape, and, consequently, the amount of materials that will be needed during construction will depend on a sufficient amount of free space on the site.

When determining the location for the arrangement of the structure, be sure to take into account the following nuances:

The surface must be leveled, the installation of a greenhouse on slopes and strong irregularities is unacceptable. If there are pits on the planned plot of land, they must be filled with soil.

The site should be well lit, not in the shade. To ensure a good, rich harvest, plants should be well illuminated by sunlight, so you should avoid installing a greenhouse in the shade of trees, large shrubs or outbuildings.

Unhindered access to the structure is required, this is necessary for the constant care of planted crops. There should be an approach to the greenhouse zone from either side, and its free opening and closing should also be ensured.

We calculate the dimensions

The size of the greenhouse is determined taking into account the capabilities and preferences of the gardener, the varieties of crops planned for cultivation, the availability of free space in the garden.

If the structure will be used exclusively for planting and breeding seedlings, it may be quite small, but for the arrangement of a capital structure it is desirable to make calculations, create a preliminary greenhouse project, its approximate drawing.

This is done in order not to find out in the middle of the work being carried out that the prepared materials or the plot of land released for installation is sorely lacking.

Creating a preliminary scheme of the greenhouse zone will allow you to correctly calculate the amount of materials needed for construction, determine the exact dimensions, choose the most convenient form for use, etc.

When determining the dimensions of the future structure, be sure to pay attention to the volume of plants planned for planting. For example, for a good growth of tomatoes or cucumbers, one square meter of land is enough for 2-3 bushes of crops. Based on such considerations, the necessary dimensions are calculated.

Types of greenhouses

There are a lot of varieties of closed country structures, having studied numerous photos of greenhouses made with their own hands, you can find both standard forms and unusual, interesting structures made by summer residents from improvised materials: barrels, umbrellas, hay, etc.

Let's focus on the most popular and convenient types of greenhouses, which are most often found in vegetable gardens:


This type is characterized by the complete sinking of the body of the structure into the ground, only its cover can be seen on the surface. This method of the device will allow you to keep the heat inside the structure much longer.


Its discovery takes place by analogy with the kitchen object of the same name – a bread box. The cover of the structure is tilted to the back wall with one movement of the hand, and just as easily returns to the initial position. You can buy it ready-made, you can build it yourself.

Arc greenhouse

The easiest structure to install and install. It is simply necessary to stick pre-prepared metal or plastic arcs into the ground along the made bed, thereby creating a frame for the greenhouse, which is closed from above with polyethylene or other suitable material.

This design is quite easy to assemble and dismantle, it is very mobile – it can be easily moved from one place to another.


This structure is presented in the form of a gable roof rising above the ground. This simple type of greenhouse zone is formed by the connection of two crates fastened in a "ridge". The crates can be covered with glass, polyethylene, or other suitable material.


A distinctive feature of such a greenhouse is the presence of a pair of shutters opening outwards. The main advantage of this model is the provision of unhindered access to the structure from all sides.

Of course, by turning on the imagination, you can create your own, unique kind of greenhouse, from the available materials at hand on the site: window frames, doors, backs, bed bases, hoops and much more. Things that have been gathering dust for a long time and forgotten in the corner of a country shed can be an excellent solution for creating a greenhouse frame.

Materials used

What can you make a greenhouse out of? Often, plastic, metal or wood are usually used to create a frame.

The metal frame is the most durable and wear-resistant, in comparison with other types. Also, it is able to withstand a heavy load. The main disadvantages of metal are considered to be the complexity of installation and susceptibility to corrosion, and the second disadvantage is easily eliminated by painting the frame.

The most affordable and easy to install and process material is wood. It will not be difficult to build a wooden greenhouse yourself, even for an inexperienced gardener. It is enough to have a minimum of theoretical knowledge, nails and a hammer.

The disadvantages of a frame made of wood include the need for its constant processing against woodworms, a shorter operational life, compared with metal.

The plastic frame has the longest possible service life, but it is very fragile, can fall or break in strong gusts of wind. Plastic is great for creating an arched frame, as it bends well, takes a given shape.

Having determined what the frame of the greenhouse zone will be made of, it is necessary to choose a covering material that serves to preserve heat inside the structure, protect plant crops from wind gusts, heavy rains, and cold. It can be:


This is a very durable, hardy and high-quality type of coating that has a lot of weight. This material is very fragile, suitable only for structures with smooth walls. Glass does not retain ultraviolet rays, so it stores heat worse.


It is considered the best material used for the arrangement of a greenhouse zone. The polycarbonate greenhouse is very durable, it is not afraid of moderate climatic loads.

This material bends perfectly, so it is suitable for sheltering structures of any kind, has a protective coating that prevents the penetration of direct ultraviolet light, and retains heat perfectly.


The most affordable material, however, does not differ in good density. Very easy to install, does not leak moisture. The main disadvantage is the fragility of polyethylene, this material will last you one or two seasons.


The ultramodern material, which has a breathable structure, provides fresh air access to plants. This coating is easy to process and install, it is subject to washing.

Having selected and prepared the necessary materials, fasteners and connecting elements, having calculated the dimensions of the structure and drawn up its scheme, feel free to start creating a greenhouse – an indispensable element in any dacha economy, and you will see that there is nothing complicated in arranging a greenhouse zone with your own hands.

Photo of a greenhouse with your own hands