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Grape seedlings: professional planting and cultivation in different climatic conditions (90 photos)

Looking at the photos of grape seedlings, there is a feeling of peace and tranquility. It is not surprising that many gardeners want to plant such a plant in their garden. Grapes become not only a source of delicious fruits, but also a decorative decoration of a wall or gazebo.

But in order for a new plant to take root, you need to find out how you can prepare a seedling yourself, what you should pay attention to when buying grapes, as well as how to plant it in the ground correctly.

Often people think about planting grapes in their garden when they see a healthy and fruitful vine on the plot of a friend, neighbor or relative. With the consent of the owner, you can prepare the stalk yourself.

It is best to start preparing grape seedlings in autumn. They will be stronger and healthier than those that were cut in the spring, because during the fall of leaves, the maximum of useful substances is contained in the wood.

First, you need to find ripe shoots on the vine about the thickness of a pencil. Cut cuttings should be about 30-40 cm long . A prerequisite will be the presence of 3-4 kidneys on them, and the distance from the cut to the upper kidney can not be less than 4 cm.

Prepared cuttings need to be wrapped in a damp cloth or moss. To store future grapes in winter, a moist and cool space is needed. To do this, choose a cellar or refrigerator.

In the latter case, an additional layer of polyethylene is needed on top of the fabric so that the air in the unit does not lead to drying of the cuttings.

The workpiece must be removed from the storage site around the middle of March. The main task of the gardener becomes to stimulate root formation as much as possible. To do this, you need to make an oblique cut two cm above the upper kidney so that the juice flows on the other side of it. The lower bud is completely removed, and on the lower third of the stalk, the bark should be damaged with any sharp object.

The shoots prepared in this way should be put in a bucket and completely filled with water for a couple of days. The temperature of the liquid is no more than 18 degrees.

Honey is considered a natural remedy for accelerating root growth. If desired, you can use hormonal drugs, such as humate, epin, kornevin, and so on.

What should be considered when buying a ready-made seedling

Since there is not always an opportunity to turn to a friend for a grape stalk, buying on the market remains a common way to purchase a seedling. But so that the acquisition does not become a source of frustration, it is important to take into account some points.

Firstly, there are varieties of grape seedlings, which are determined by the rate of growth, the number and uniformity of the distribution of roots at the trunk. All this affects the time during which the plant will reach the required size and begin to bear fruit.

Since the production of wine involves large-scale cultivation of grapes, in this case, the purchase of elite varieties is preferred. For those who like to eat fresh berries, the first or second varieties of the plant are suitable.

At the same time, if there are less than two roots on the shoot, and the growth has not formed, this is called noncondition. Since such plants have not yet fully formed, it is not worth buying them.

Secondly, grapes are distinguished by types:

  • new, grown within the same climatic zone for about 20 years;
  • supernovae, recently bred and tested in different climatic bands over the last 5-8;
  • zoned or grown by amateurs, but distinguished by good fruiting in their region.

At the same time, it is worth paying attention to the area from which the grapes were brought. This is to determine how easily it will transfer temperature changes in one direction or another. And it will be easier for the owner to keep the seedlings.

Therefore, before you buy a favorite stalk, you should pay attention to the following features:

  • the presence of a polyethylene box and a drainage layer and wet soil;
  • the presence of at least two roots without thickening and growths;
  • a tag indicating the plant variety;
  • the presence of at least three blooming leaves on the trunk;
  • the trunk itself should be strong, without mold, growths, stains, seals;
  • at least 6 brown buds.

If at least one of the parameters does not meet the standard, it would be prudent to postpone the purchase or choose another stalk.

How to plant a grape seedling

In order for the planting of grape seedlings to be successful, two main conditions should be met. First, the plant needs to be planted to a sufficient depth. Secondly, it is necessary to provide irrigation to the deep roots.

A hole up to a meter deep is dug under the seedling. It is a square recess with a side width of 60 cm. Ash is placed at the bottom of the pit, and from above it is covered with a drainage layer of 1 cm of broken bricks, expanded clay or pebbles.

A mandatory element of the system will be a vertically installed pipe, which is located on the north side of the plant. It should be made of a material that is less susceptible to rust, so watering will be carried out through it.

The upper hole of the pipe must be closed. This is how protection against blockage is made, and the access of pests to the root system of grapes is limited.

Then you have to prepare the soil for filling the seedling itself. The soil that was removed during the preparation of the pit should be mixed with two buckets of fertilizer. If the soil is heavy, it is necessary to add sand to it to facilitate the growth of grapes.

Before planting a grape seedling, in the center of the prepared bottom of the recess, you need to pour the earth in the form of a slide on which the stalk is placed. In this position, it will be easier to evenly distribute the root system of the cuttings. Then the planted plant remains to be sprinkled with soil so that the two lower buds are completely covered with earth.

From above, the sprout can be covered with a layer of mulch in the form of foliage or straw. But it needs to be done so that the twigs remain on the surface. The cuttings should be planted in spring or autumn.

In the first case, watering a new plant can be started almost immediately in an amount of up to 20 liters a week, depending on climatic conditions.

In the second case, immediately after planting, the grapes are sheltered for winter storage. And, starting in spring, watering begins. And with good care, the vine will reach its size by the end of summer, and in a year the owner can count on the first harvest.

Photo of grape seedlings