Flowers are perennials — all varieties (130 photos). Planting, growing and caring on the site with your own hands
A beautiful flower garden without unnecessary hassle is the dream of any avid summer resident who makes a lot of effort in other areas of his farm. A skillful combination of plants according to the timing of flowering will allow you to enjoy the beauty of the flowerbed all working season. The use of garden flowers of perennials will protect from problems with annual planting.
If you choose unpretentious and long-blooming specimens, then the task will be simplified as much as possible. It is necessary to take care of compliance with the above parameters in advance, so you can study the necessary information even in winter.
A beautiful all-season flower garden is created taking into account the competent selection of plants by:
- flowering time;
- the color of the buds.
The tallest specimens are placed in the center of the composition. So, they will not interfere with the review, restrict the "rights" of neighbors. According to the time of flowering, you can choose "long-playing" varieties or successfully arrange a change of order.
The coloring of neighboring buds should not violate the established harmony. You can create a flower garden in a single scale or work out a certain coloristic solution.
Flower beds are often organized according to the "three" principle. For each flowering period, there should be at least 3 plants in the active phase. Those who are afraid of making a mistake in calculations are recommended to pay attention to perennials with a long period of retention of buds.
Long-blooming flowers are always held in high esteem by an economical owner. The purchase of such options will save the budget and precious time.
Before buying, you should carefully study the information about the species intended for disembarkation. Any plant can have nuances of growth in certain conditions (territorial, climatic features are taken into account).
Height distribution: important points of competent planning
In most cases, tall flowers are planted, in accordance with landscape design, separately. They look great near buildings, at a fence or as a hedge.
To create an organized flower garden, such plants are used in limited quantities. They will become an excellent background (if the flowerbed is adjacent to the building) or will attract attention in the case of a separate placement of the site.
Tall plants are arranged in such a way that they do not obscure the light to the rest of the participants in the composition, and also so that they do not interfere with viewing the whole ensemble. Long-term flowering options are preferred. Tall stems (from 50 cm to 2 m) with large single flowers, lush inflorescences or panicles will give the flower bed a festive accent.
Medium-sized options will create the impression of a smooth transition from tall to low plants. It is recommended to select varieties with long flowering. By removing withered buds in a timely manner, it will be possible to maintain harmony in the flower bed. Unpretentious flowers will be the right solution.
Undersized residents are always placed at the borders of the flower garden. Depending on the preferences of the owner, they can occupy up to 2/3 of the entire area. The "midgets" are placed most often in rows, depending on the color of the corollas.
A schematic arrangement is also possible (if the layout of the flowerbed has a complex structure). In some cases, gardeners purposefully mix seeds during planting. So, it will be possible to achieve a unique diversity.
In addition to connecting plants in a flower bed in height, do not forget about the compatibility of other important conditions (relations to light, moisture, soil type).
Variety selection: difficulties of seasonal matching of components
In order to properly break up a flower garden, it is necessary to know the names of the flowers of perennials preferred for planting for seasonal replacement of an empty place. There are no specimens that are continuously in bloom from May to October. Therefore, the task of competent landing planning is to staff the space as efficiently as possible.
With the arrival of spring, primroses break through from under the snow. These are crocuses, tulips, daffodils, lilies of the valley, periwinkle, pushkinia, hyacinth, primrose. Most of them have compact dimensions. Flowering is usually short-lived. You can choose various combinations with variable "domination" from the end of April to the middle of June.
Among the beautiful and capricious mid-season perennials, there are many options that do not require transplanting up to 10 years. Many of them have not only a gorgeous bloom, but also an equally attractive green mass.
Properly selected combinations will help the flower bed stay in the spotlight all season. Popular gardeners are: astilba, verbena, geranium, cornflower, carnation, iris, lupin, poppy.
Autumn is not a reason to forget about the surrounding beauty. No less attractive, bright and fragrant "changers" come to replace the summer flowers fading in the flower beds. Phlox or perennial asters are able to delight with their lush flowering until the frosts.
Viewing photos of flowers of perennials will help determine the choice. By comparing the visual image with the characteristics of the plant, it will be possible to understand which options are most suitable.
Flower garden without hassle: features of care for perennials
Most of the perennials do not require complex care. However, you will still have to give the plants minimal attention. This is the only way to enjoy the result without wasting precious time in the "hot" season.
Flowers with tubers or bulbs (tulips, gladioli, dahlias) need to be dug out in time, as well as to ensure proper storage and subsequent planting. Bulbous plants tolerate wintering in the open ground, and for tuberous it is disastrous.
To get the expected flowering, residents of flower beds will sometimes have to take care of: loosen, mulch, fertilize, water. At the same time, it is necessary to take into account the characteristics of each resident of the flowerbed, especially if they are in close proximity.
Some perennials that do not require digging for the winter need to provide decent shelter. Before planting a new type of plant, you should read the care recommendations in detail.
Timely collection of seeds, division, reproduction will save the variety, will not allow it to degenerate. Regular transplanting, pruning of the plant will have a positive effect on health and appearance.
A flower garden made up of unpretentious, long-flowering perennials is able to give a lot of joy without requiring increased attention. The main thing is to plan the flowerbed correctly, choose a suitable place for each plant and provide the necessary growing conditions.