Flower seedlings — rules for the selection of coniferous and fruit plants in nurseries (110 photos)
Every schoolboy knows what a seedling is, but only an experienced gardener can choose the right healthy sprout, transport, preserve and plant it in the ground. Properly selected seedlings are the key to a rich harvest and a lush garden, therefore, such an issue as the purchase of flower seedlings should be approached as seriously and responsibly as possible.
Despite the bright pictures, inexpensive price, flower seeds in bags are a lottery, which is not easy to win, because it is far from easy to grow a full–fledged plant from a seed in practice.
Therefore, more and more people are turning to buying seedlings, as this option promises a guaranteed result and a speedy flowering.
Where to get it?
Spring is the most favorable time to buy seedlings, as it is not far from planting, and the catalog is full of all kinds of offers and bright pictures. And if it is not so difficult to decide on the assortment, then it can be difficult to choose a place to buy. More often, the main options are an online store, a market or a specialized nursery:
The online store attracts cheapness and abundance of goods, but no one gives quality guarantees, especially if the plant has to cross almost the whole country to a new house.
Even if you pay for the goods at the post office, it is not known how the seedlings will behave in the ground and whether they will bear the promised fruits. The main drawback is familiarity with the future acquisition through the image.
The market is a favorite place for gardeners and gardeners, where you can evaluate the offered assortment with your own eyes and hands. The choice is large, and the price does not repel exorbitant amounts.
The ideal option, of course, is a good friend or a trusted supplier. In other cases, no one will give guarantees for a rich harvest, and it will be problematic to look for a negligent seller after six months.
Experienced specialists in gardening and gardening advise one thing – to contact specialized nurseries, where really healthy and fruiting seedlings are hidden behind an inflated price. This option attracts a higher guarantee for fruits and buds, but repels possible obstacles.
Unlike local markets and bazaars, such places are located far from populated areas, which requires transport and time. However, the "advantages" outweigh: advisory support, assistance in choosing a product and a wide range.
How to choose a healthy one?
Unfortunately, her future and current state of health are not written on the seedlings, so you will have to determine the quality of the seedling yourself and without outside help. A few recommendations will help in this difficult task:
- Assessment of appearance, since the presence of dryness, rottenness or infection is usually noticeable;
- Absence of damage, foreign growths;
- The development of the root system, as evidenced by its branching and the presence of small nodules at the ends-roots;
- Refusal to purchase shriveled plants with slimy spots, rotten areas;
- The roots should be clean and elastic;
- Unopened buds indicate a good condition of the plant. To make sure of this, tear off the kidney and open its contents: the emptiness speaks of old age and deadness, and the hidden greenery – of youth and freshness;
- Information about the place of growing is important, since it must be borne in mind that the flower takes root only in familiar conditions and climate;
- Selection of goods in special containers.
Remember about the peculiarities of the growth of individual plants. For example, gladiolus tubers are bought only young and rounded, dahlia stems must necessarily have a root neck and several firmly holding bud tubers, and live buds are an accurate evidence of the life of astilba, host, peonies, phlox, monards and dahlias.
Rose bushes are a favorite decoration of any garden, but choosing rose seedlings is almost the most difficult thing.
First, we pay attention to the age: a one- or two-year sprout is considered to be of high quality.
Secondly, we study the plant, where a good indicator is the presence of several lignified stems of marsh color with buds and a branched root.
Thirdly, you should not save money and immediately purchase a seedling in a container, minimizing the risk of damage to the flower.
Transportation and storage
Having chosen a healthy plant, it is necessary to take it safely to the house or cottage. So, immediately after the purchase, several actions should be taken: wrap the root in a cloth moistened with clean water and hide it in the shade from direct sunlight.
Further, after transportation, the seedling is placed in a darkened and ventilated space, dry branches are cut off and the rhizome is treated with a special solution with fertilizers ("Skor", "Topaz").
It is advisable to additionally leave the seedlings in a special solution that stimulates the growth of the root system, which can be purchased at any flower shop.
Also, some features of individual varieties should be taken into account:
- The roots of flowers such as badan, liatris, Brunner, rogers, astrantia, are prone to rapid decay;
- Do not require special conditions host, labaznik and astilba;
- Buying phlox in the spring is undesirable, since these plants are very capricious. To keep them until May (planting time), do not allow overheating, storing in a cool place such as a refrigerator, basement or cellar;
- Seedlings of perennial flowers, such as aconite, geicher, echinacea, hellebore, geranium and delphinium are also stored in the cool;
- Yarrow, mallow and blueberry are thermophilic, which are temporarily placed in indoor pots on the windowsill before planting in the ground;
How to plant
It is better to move the seedling into the ground 2-3 days after purchase, having performed several priority actions immediately after purchase. In order not to get confused in the numerous varieties, it is proposed to attach photos of future flowers to seedlings.
Then the standard rules apply: prepare the ground, fertilize the soil, abundantly moisten the plant.
The purchase of seedlings may cease to become risky if certain rules are followed during the inspection and selection of plants. The flower always "talks" about its health and youth, the main thing is to hear it and not damage it during further storage and planting.
Photo seedlings of flowers