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Coniferous plants for the garden (120 photos) — description of the features of use and rules of use

Every owner of the land, whether it is a large land or a small front garden at the porch, comes up with the idea to plant a coniferous plant. Fortunately, in addition to fabulous firs and pines, there are hundreds of varieties of ornamental shrubs and trees that unrecognizably change the appearance of the site, giving it a special charm at any time of the year.

Aesthetic pleasure and comfort, which is created by these evergreen friends of man, can be attributed to their functional benefits, because natural beauty motivates a person to a healthy lifestyle, and rewards him for hard work on earth.

In addition, if a live fence or other landscape design project is conceived, coniferous plants may be the best choice. It is considered that they do not require special care and are unpretentious to the weather and soil.

But this statement is true only in comparison with exotic crops, or, for example, the maintenance of garden plantations.

To preserve the healthy appearance of coniferous plants, they must be properly placed, planted, and in the first years of their life carefully observe the rules of care, providing moisture and temperature conditions necessary for plant growth.

Each species has its own parameters of soil composition, irrigation, light regime, but there are a number of general rules that will facilitate the process of planting and care.

  • Seedlings and adult plants for transplanting are best purchased in the maximum proximity to the landing site.
  • For planting most species, a windless area is ideal, the best time is the end of April or the beginning of May.
  • When planting, a small hole is dug, the roots of the seedlings are left close to the surface and covered with earth.
  • Accumulation of moisture is unacceptable: special drainage is needed.
  • It is necessary to strictly observe the norms of the permissible distance between plants.
  • In the first years, abundant watering and protection of the roots from frost are necessary, the branches of young trees need to be cleaned of snow, the roots should be covered with lapnik.

The predilection for evergreens, which are distinguished by majestic beauty and healing properties, is not surprising, but for their successful cultivation you will need knowledge about the characteristics of a particular variety, special attention and patience.

Selection and placement of plants

The wonders of plant growing allow you to choose decorative coniferous trees for any garden. It is only necessary to reasonably assess the existing conditions, and choose a plant that corresponds to the climate, soil composition, the peculiarities of the location of the site and harmony with other crops.

With a single planting or compositions, you need to adhere to the basic rule of landscape design. The viewing point should be located at a distance of at least twice the height of the tree.

With a single planting of high and medium conifers, special care for the adjacent area will be needed. It is preferable to surround the tree with a green lawn.

When creating evergreen ensembles, at least two conifers with crowns of various shades are used. The photo shows examples of combining several types of coniferous plants in stony compositions and gravel gardens.

Tall conifers

Varieties of pine trees are tall trees with a wide crown. These most unpretentious of evergreens require care only in the first year after planting. They tolerate heat and frost well, but there are certain requirements for the landing site.

Another popular pet of the gardens is the blue spruce, reaching a height of more than 10 meters, and a width of up to 4 m. Juniper grows up to the same standard dimensions for coniferous plants, which is called a pencil tree.

Larch is a coniferous plant that annually sheds its cover, is unpretentious to the composition of the soil, is distinguished by longevity and adds 1 meter per year, reaching a height of 35 m.

Fir also has a relatively high growth rate, but these beautiful, pyramidal trees stretched to the top need protection from the winds and loose and fertile soil.

The cedar is rightfully considered the monarch of the coniferous tribe. He lives for more than five centuries, but grows very slowly. With a happy combination of circumstances and proper care, a three-meter tree can be grown in 20 years.

But in 50 years this is an unpretentious hero compensates for the long wait for its unique and majestic beauty.

With the exception of rare specially bred varieties, tall trees need light and space for the root system to expand in breadth. The aesthetic factor is also important – tall trees require a wide view, and look better from a distance.

Medium - sized conifers

This type of plant includes trees and shrubs equal in height to a human – from one and a half to two meters. These include, first of all, cultivated varieties of tall — pines, firs, larches, junipers and firs.

The peculiarities of caring for it are preserved, only the need for free space decreases, dwarf conifers for the garden can be grown in partial shade. The slowness of growth at the same time remains, they grow by a maximum of 15 cm per year, but they are quite suitable for transplanting and perennial trees can be purchased in nurseries.

Yew (yew) is an evergreen shrub that grows well in places protected from wind and sun. Its dark green needles and red fruits can decorate any composition, and hedges for gardens and parks with tall trees are also created from it.

There are hundreds of varieties of this shrub with various forms of needles and crowns. It lends itself well to pruning, so it is often used in artistic landscape compositions.

Thuja with soft needles resembling snowflakes in structure and bluish cones is known to all urban residents. Due to its unpretentiousness, it is planted on the perimeters of parks and city lawns.

This ornamental plant, which has become familiar in hedges, can reveal itself in a special way in picturesque compositions with other evergreens, and also become a wonderful background for bright flower beds.

Coniferous trees and shrubs of medium height are most suitable for growing in an ornamental garden. They look equally good in large and small spaces, with their help you can build live fences, alleys and do zoning of the site.

They are also a key element of Alpine slides and other decorative compositions. In landscape design, the quality common to all conifers, with the exception of cedar, is also important – they easily tolerate transplants.

Miniature conifers

Coniferous plants up to 50 cm in height practically do not exist in nature. These are breeding varieties of all popular trees.

Considering that in the first few years they require special care, plants intended for decorating open areas can be grown in tubs. They are also widely used in small coniferous gardens and green corners indoors.

Photos of coniferous plants for the garden