Cleaning reservoirs — how to clean any reservoir with your own hands. 80 photos of the simplest and most effective solutions
Owners of water tanks, thinking about how to clean the reservoir without the help of specialists, are thinking about replacing the water completely. Regular replacement of water is an unprofitable idea, therefore it is necessary to maintain cleanliness daily by regularly cleaning the pond of leaves, algae and other debris. This way you will make the pond neat and clean for a long time.
Cleaning of the lake, carried out with some intervals, is the most important of the actions for the formation of a competent landscape. Constant attention is necessary for low-flow and non-flowing reservoirs. Everything that can get into these sources will remain there, changing the water composition and appearance of your lake.
Also, small lakes have the property of silting up and overgrown with different plants, from which the reservoir can gradually turn into a swamp.
Pond pollution is divided into mechanical, chemical and biological.
Mechanical pollution is the accumulation of objects unusual for this environment in the pond. Household garbage usually belongs to this category.
Chemical substances are mostly dissolved in water, getting there in a liquid state or in a solid state.
Biological pollution does not have an unambiguous concept. Pollution is a large accumulation of microorganisms in the lake. Numerous appearances of various bacteria in the lake can also be attributed to biological ones.
In the photos in the article, we can observe a reservoir contaminated with mechanical debris.
Methods of getting rid of garbage in the pond
Methods of cleaning reservoirs include five methods.
Mechanical cleaning method
Cleaning the bottom of large reservoirs is carried out by a special dredger. The dredger can collect silt deposits from the bottom of the reservoir, thanks to a powerful ground pump. Under pressure, sludge is fed to specialized sludge cards at the same time as water through a pipeline system.
These maps are created before cleaning ponds, this is an area that is fenced with a shaft on each side. Its scale should directly depend on the amount of deposits that are going to be extracted.
Long before the start of work, the subject of the soil at the bottom is studied, large debris and metal objects are removed to avoid equipment breakdown. After that, they create a project on which the next work will be carried out, taking into account the smallest details.
The necessary materials and equipment are delivered to the place of work. A pipeline system is being installed that leads to the map from the reservoir. After all the above manipulations, cleaning can begin.
The basis of the method are microorganisms that, while in special containers, clean ponds and other reservoirs. In small reservoirs, special preparations are used, the basis of which are the capabilities of various bacteria.
Also, powder can be sprayed on the water or a special solution can be added. The introduction of such substances increases the transparency of water several times, due to the accelerated decay of rotting algae, decomposition of dead inhabitants of the reservoir.
Using such preparations to prevent a variety of pollutants, it becomes possible to completely stop the processes of humus of natural substances in the reservoir, the same applies to the formation of silt.
Chemical cleaning of reservoirs
The basis of the method is the addition of special reagents to the reservoir, diverse in their composition. They help to keep the acidity of the water at the right level for the owners, and also participate in the decomposition of rotting algae.
Dry cleaning is a very effective method, however, it is worth understanding that in this case strict adherence to the dosage is necessary. Large doses harm the health of the inhabitants of the reservoir, as well as the person himself.
Planting useful plants in a pond will help you avoid the use of chemicals, they oxygenate the water, are called "Oxygenating plants". Such a plant is a swamp.
Special minerals zeolites are also used here. They are placed in a specialized grid, after which they are laid in a pond. These minerals, in turn, rid the water of excess ammonium and phosphorus, after which the water reaches the desired chemical equilibrium.
Cleaning water from viruses, microalgae and bacteria is possible only with this method. The basis of this method will be the effect of ultraviolet radiation on harmful organisms, while stopping their reproduction and growth.
With large sizes of the reservoir, two or three UV cleaners are installed. Inside the UV cleaner is a lamp that is completely isolated from algae.
This type of cleaning is very useful for swimming pools, as it reduces the level of chlorine in it by twenty percent.
The main signs of contamination of the reservoirThe water changes color and becomes less transparent.
- The water loses its transparency, as a rule, due to the excessive amount of sand or clay that got into it. The color may change due to the reproduction of various microorganisms in the reservoir.
- Unpleasant smell. The reservoir begins to smell unpleasant, this is due to the proliferation of fungi and bacteria.
- Various plants grow abundantly in the reservoir.
These signs should be a signal that it's time to clean the pond. Otherwise, a neat pond will gradually turn into a green swamp.
Changing the water completely
If repeated attempts to clean the pond do not give the desired result, this reservoir needs a complete water replacement. To do this, all the inhabitants need to be moved to a safe place, then drain the water and begin a complete internal cleaning of the reservoir.
The transparency of the water can be determined by the folk method, take a snow-white plate and lower it to a depth of about 10 centimeters, if the plate is not visible, then you urgently need to change the water.
Cleaning of silt deposits at the bottom of the reservoir is almost the main problem in this type of cleaning, it is necessary to prepare a specially designated place where you will collect silt deposits. Everyone knows that this place will no longer be fertile for other plants, because of the special composition of the silt.
Regular additional care
In order to avoid rapid contamination, and subsequently the cost of complete cleaning, it is worth regularly maintaining the appearance of the reservoir in a neat condition.
It is recommended to purchase a telescopic net for the pond and daily clean the surface of the water from debris, leaves and other objects that have fallen into the pond by accident. This will noticeably improve the appearance of the pond and significantly slow down its pollution.
In autumn, as soon as leaf fall begins, you can stretch a special net over the pond, the density of which is from one to two centimeters. Its function is to protect the pond from getting into it with dry leaves and branches.
Photo tips for cleaning reservoirs