Brick barbecue with your own hands — step-by-step instructions for beginners (125 photos)
Every happy owner of a country house or at least a summer cottage, where he spends all his summer weekends, sooner or later comes to the conclusion that he lacks a barbecue or barbecue for complete happiness. In essence, a barbecue is such a barbecue.
Today, without headaches and worries about the correctness of your barbecue calculations, you can choose and buy a ready-made project kit not only with drawings and assembly instructions, but also all the necessary materials for its construction. A complete set of bricks or stone elements that can be easily assembled according to the instructions in 1-2 days. Entrust the construction of a brick barbecue to professionals, the company kaminochag.ru engaged in the design and construction of brick barbecue for more than 10 years. All projects with photos and videos are on our website kaminochag.ru
Pay attention! A large selection of ready-made projects with a set of details is available on the website in-kamin.ru
I must say that unlike the usual barbecue – a simple device for frying kebabs, this structure is much more multifunctional. In essence, it is just a stove, which, unlike our usual Russian stoves, is located not inside the house, but outside.
Since it is designed for cooking delicious dishes in the fresh air, then the attitude towards it should be no less serious, therefore, first of all, you need to choose a suitable brick oven scheme. The multiple photos of brick barbecue present on the Internet will help solve this problem.
First of all, it is necessary to determine the installation location. The grill should be located not far from the house. In principle, you can stay away, but the need to run back and forth for tens of meters from the house to the barbecue and back to carry food, water and fuel, will completely discourage the desire to arrange holidays.
The barbecue area must be flat, because it is a fairly large brick structure with a large mass, it is not much different from our traditional Russian oven. Absolutely all types of stoves are complex engineering structures.
In essence, the furnace is a house of fire, and the more responsible you approach its construction, the more effective the flame will work in it. Barbecue is a complex brick structure with a large mass of its own, so you need to put a foundation under it.
A pit no more than half a meter deep is dug under the foundation and filled with gravel about half. After that, the gravel must be thoroughly compacted. As a result, a kind of pillow is obtained, along the perimeter of which the formwork is installed.
Then the fittings are installed. Iron bars or steel mesh can be used as reinforcement. In no case should the reinforcement protrude beyond the upper edges of the formwork.
After that, concrete is poured into the formwork. After about three days, after the concrete has hardened and dried, the formwork is removed. The foundation of the future furnace is ready.
As a rule, stationary barbecues are made two-level. The first level, located directly on the foundation, is a room in which firewood is stored, so-called: a woodpile. The presence of a wood-burning stove, located directly under the grill, allows you to always have at hand the necessary supply of dry firewood.
A refractory brick is used as the main material, since it will not crack during the operation of the furnace, it is necessary to use a special facing brick for facing the grill (if any). Refractory chamotte clay is used as a binding solution.
Before starting to lay a brick on a concrete base, it must be cleaned of dirt and dust, if this is not done, the adhesion of the bricks to the foundation will be fragile, since there will be a layer of dust and dirt between the bricks and the mortar.
After the surface on which the brick is supposed to be laid is cleaned, it must be moistened with water, apply a solution and lay out the first row of bricks.
Laying is carried out in a generally accepted way: on the edge and in a run-up. This method allows for increased strength of the entire structure, with minimal material consumption. Thus, about ten or eleven rows are stacked, it is best to use chamotte clay as a binder solution.
A sand-cement mixture is not suitable for this purpose, because it will not be able to withstand high temperatures when in contact with an open fire.
The second level of the barbecue oven is a portal in which a barbecue is installed. The location of the portal on the second level is due to the convenience of the cooking process: a person standing at the grill in full height gets less tired. The second level of the barbecue fireplace should start with the tenth or eleventh brick from the base of the foundation. In this case, a person of average height will not experience any discomfort during the cooking process.
Of course, every person who independently undertook its construction tries to fold it so that it fits exactly his height, therefore, when deciding at what level to install a barbecue, you should be guided by your individual preferences.
Having finished laying the woodcutter, it is necessary to separate its upper border from the second level, where the portal will be located. In order to distinguish between a wood-burning stove and a portal, an ordinary steel corner and a metal grating are used as an overlap, which should fit snugly to the upper bricks. If desired, a cornice in the form of a decorative arch can be made on the border of the levels of the woodcutter and the portal.
The bottom of the portal is laid out of a refractory brick, which is laid on a metal grate. The seams between the bricks are tightly sealed with chamotte clay.
The bricks should fit snugly to each other, forming an absolutely flat, stationary surface. Then the first rows of the back and two side walls of the portal are laid out.
After laying the first two rows, the so-called fireplace tooth is laid out. The fireplace tooth is the back wall of the portal, laid out not at a right angle of 90 degrees, but at an angle of about 60 degrees. The presence of a fireplace tooth helps to accompany the smoke in the right direction, through the pipe and prevents the wind from blowing into the portal.
You can get the desired slope by processing it with a grinder, sawing off a certain part from each brick of the first row at the desired angle. The configuration of the side walls should correspond to the inclination of the tooth and form one with it.
The upper row of the tooth should be located just above the arch of the portal. In this position, it will facilitate the removal of smoke into the pipe, preventing its release through the portal arch.
Spit and other devices
In order to provide maximum functionality to your brick barbecue, it should be equipped with as many fixtures as possible. A banal device for cooking shish kebab is not worth starting a grandiose project on the scale of a country house for its sake.
In the process of laying a picnic hearth, it would be nice to also provide a spit on which you can cook a whole small lamb. It will also be useful to have a device on which you can hang a cauldron. In other words, the barbecue oven should become your summer kitchen, only much more functional.
In the process of laying the side walls of the portal, somewhere at the level of the fourth or fifth brick, you need to make recesses in the bricks on both sides opposite each other.
In order for them not to shift relative to each other, a pipe is threaded into the recesses, which should be there until all work is completed. Today, many people have beautiful stoves in the country, but not many people have one in which you can take and roast a boar on a spit.
Then a pipe is laid out from a refractory brick, in the quality of the solution, chamotte clay is also used. During the laying process, it is necessary to ensure the absence of cracks and cracks in it, timely covering each of them with a solution. Compliance with this rule will provide the furnace with good traction and prevent smoke from getting into the eyes.
The chimney should be high enough so that the smoke from your beauty does not fall into the windows of your own house, and into the windows of your neighbors, too.
There are mere trifles left – the decorative design of your hearth. Decorative bricks are used for decorative decoration. It is not fireproof, its main function is to decorate your new hearth.
When lining barbecue fireplaces with decorative bricks, an air layer should be left between refractory and decorative bricks. Refractory and decorative bricks expand differently when heated. Decorative bricks will eventually begin to crumble from frequent heating. The air layer allows you to leave the decorative coating cold.