Bonsai tree — care, cultivation and planting. 65 photos of the main types
Almost everyone probably knows about the existence of a miniature copy of a real tree called bonsai. Everyone can plant and grow it with their own hands. It is important that the selected seedling takes root in the surrounding climatic conditions.
The growing process itself is very simple, but it requires constant monitoring of the formation of the crown and trunk, a lot of time and diligence. The care of the mini tree should be correct.
The main thing is to observe conditions favorable for the proper development of the plant, which is possible with balanced lighting, humidification, temperature regime, watering and fertilizing the soil. In the photo, you can consider many variants of the bonsai tree.
Most experts on bonsai cultivation are sure that its roots grow from the land of the rising sun – Japan. Although the true origin of the decorative mini plant, or rather the art of its creation, is from China even before BC.
A few centuries later, the Japanese picked up this work, while bringing it to perfection a little. That's where its active spread around the world came from, that's why they consider art Japanese. From Japanese, the name translates as a tree in a saucer.
The traditional type of bonsai has the following distinctive features:
- strong trunk;
- at the base there is a particularly pronounced system of rhizomes;
- a clear and delimited outline of the branching part;
- the branches and trunk are visible through the foliage;
- perfect resemblance to the original.
Symbolism of the plant
To create a plant, a huge space is not required, as evidenced by the name of the plant — "a tree on a saucer". But patience, diligence and diligence are very necessary. After all, not everyone can cope with the process of long-term cultivation.
But anyone who can cope and grow a decent mini copy of the tree should know that it is not only an ornamental plant, but also symbolizing: wisdom and justice, endurance and benevolence.
Bonsai cannot be called a simple occupation, because it is a full-fledged art that requires special human qualities: patience, diligence and diligence. Due to their longevity, they can sometimes reflect entire historical epochs.
At the same time, care and appearance will tell everything without words due to damaged bark, branches and huge rhizomes. For example, in Japan there are specimens that grow for more than a millennium.
The most valuable are mini copies of conifers, symbolizing eternity, when compared with deciduous species that shed their leaves every autumn.
Varieties of mini trees
There are quite a lot of original trees from which you can create mini copies, but conifers are more popular. Due to their durability and endurance, they also have small leaves that remain green throughout the year.
The main varieties include:
- evergreen species;
- with flowering in spring;
- with flowering in summer;
- with flowering in the autumn period;
- with a well-defined shape of the trunk and branches, especially when foliage falls.
The Japanese bonsai tree is not recommended to be grown in a room, as it does not like a hot, dry climate. Therefore, after a few days of indoor maintenance, the plant may get sick. When placing a tree on the street, it should be remembered that it needs protection from sunlight, rain and winds.
Choosing plants for bonsai
If you decide to grow bonsai yourself, then when choosing a certain type of plant, you need to take into account the climatic conditions of your region. It is better to give preference to local specimens: juniper, pine, lilac, etc.
You can create a miniature copy of the tree with your own hands using any seeds of plants that do not require special care.
Increased attention and demand relates to wisteria, which is a tree with branches covered with small flowers. It can grow in indoor conditions, like a homemade bonsai tree. The apple tree for bonsai is also good, in addition to its beautiful appearance, it can bear fruit.
Popular types and content rules
Different (coniferous and deciduous) plants are suitable for cultivation, but they are most in demand:
- European olive. It is an evergreen shrub that blooms every year. Likes: climate at temperatures from + 5 to + 18 degrees, sufficient lighting, fresh climate, clay and sand soil, moderate watering.
- Carmona or tea tree. An evergreen tree, reaching up to 10 meters. Likes: warm climate and lighting.
- Chinese elm (small-leaved). Ideal for beginners in this business. Loves: warmth, sun and moisture.
- Mix. It consists of plants of different species, does not require special care.
It is very easy to grow a mini flower or bonsai yourself, using plants adapted to the local climate (pine, oak, juniper, etc.).
Care does not involve special conditions or skills. Seeds or prepared seedlings taken from the forest can be used for germination.
How to grow a bonsai tree
To grow bonsai, it is enough to observe the following conditions:
- take care of the seed for quite a long time, sometimes for several years.
- take care of the sprout. Ensure regular ventilation. In the presence of 4 leaves, it is necessary to make a dive, and after 2 months to feed with fertilizer. Before wintering, move it closer to the window and do not feed it.
- take care of the mini tree. Ensure optimal light and spraying. After several years, the formation process should begin.
The features of the content suggest the following stages:
- preparation of a special soil mixture containing clay, sand, humus and humus,
- compliance with the optimal temperature in the range from 10 to 18 degrees celsius,
- absolute exclusion of through winds,
- avoiding direct sun exposure,
- moderate watering.
Many companies sell ready-made kits for cultivation, which include: flower pot, prepared soil, bonsai tree seeds, top dressing, instructions. In addition, the package may contain a wire and a pallet.
Nowadays bonsai is very popular all over the world. Even lovers of needlework have not ignored this kind of art. Miniature plants made of gems or beads will decorate any interior.